Electrical stimulation of the posterior limb of the internal capsule was performed in six patients with central pain due to vascular lesions of the thalamus. Three patients suffered from thalamic hemorrhage and the other three from ischemic insult. These patients developed dysesthesia, hyperpathia and spontaneous burning pain several months after cerebral… (More)
Motor and sensory responses induced by trial stimulation were examined before stereotaxically implanting a permanent stimulating electrode for pain relief in 11 patients with intractable pain of central origin. The total number of points eliciting a response when stimulated was 70. The points of stimulation were determined as exactly as possible from… (More)
The mechanism of pain relief by internal capsule (IC) stimulation was investigated in 32 adult cats. Nociceptive neuronal activity of the nucleus ventralis posteromedialis (VPM), responding to contralateral pulp stimulation, was suppressed by IC stimulation to a greater extent than activity in the posterior nuclear group (PO) or centre-median nucleus. On… (More)
Facilitation of the opiate-mediated system provides relief of excess pain but not of deafferentation pain. Influence on neuronal hyper-activity, which was provoked after the deafferentation of the peripheral trigeminal nerve (deafferentation hyperactivity; DH), by stimulation of the internal capsule (IC), VPM nucleus of the thalamus and by the cerebral… (More)
A 47-year-old female presented with an unusual cystic meningioma. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a cystic tumor with marked edema in the left parietal region of the brain, resembling a metastatic tumor. The tumor was totally removed. Histological examination revealed meningioma with dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates.
The authors report two siblings, both of whom had unruptured cerebral aneurysms found by screening examination of noninvasive cerebral computed angiotomography. Other authors have reported unruptured cerebral aneurysms detected by conventional cerebral angiography in asymptomatic relatives of families in which two or more individuals had cerebral aneurysmal… (More)
Since 1958, 61 patients with spasmodic torticollis, 46 of whom did not develop other kinds of involuntary movements, have been experienced in our neurosurgical clinic. The course of these 46 patients was followed for more than one year. The retrospective analysis revealed 25 patients were treated conservatively, and 21 patients were treated surgically.… (More)
Membranous nephropathy is one of the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. In contrast, acquired factor V inhibitor is a rare bleeding disorder. A 62-year-old Asian man with a history of cerebral hemorrhage, purpura, eosinophilia and hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome developed proteinuria. The bleeding disorder was diagnosed with acquired factor… (More)