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Twenty hemiplegic patients were studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) of the biceps brachii (BB) and the abductor pollicis brevis muscles (APB) were recorded on both sides simultaneously. TMS was carried out with an 8-shaped coil over different scalp positions in the intact hemisphere. Bilateral MEPs of BB were(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to describe cortical plasticity after unilateral cerebral lesions. The objective of this study was to find out whether cortical plasticity occurs after bilateral cerebral lesions. We investigated central motor reorganization for the arm and leg muscles in cerebral palsy (CP) patients with bilateral(More)
PURPOSE The association of headache with seizures is well known to neurologists but poorly understood. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the types and frequency of seizure-associated headaches among pediatric patients with epilepsy, and to identify their risk factors with special attention to the anatomic localization of the(More)
A 16-year-old girl had spastic cerebral palsy (CP) with triplegia and focal epilepsy. The patient's past history included her mother's lower abdominal trauma caused by a traffic accident at the 7th month of gestation. Brain examination with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed encephalomalacia at the bilateral parieto-temporal lobes and the left(More)
OBJECTIVE The autonomic nervous system has a deep relationship with the cognitive network when performing cognitive tasks. We hypothesize that autonomic emotional responses can affect cognitive function, especially executive function. The aim of this study was to clarify the involvement of the autonomic system during an executive functional task via(More)
Reports suggest that hepatic blood flow may have an association with cancer progression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the hepatic blood flow measured by CT perfusion (CTP) may identify patients at high‑risk for postoperative recurrence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Prior to surgery, hepatic CTP images were obtained(More)
OBJECTIVE Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is commonly used to investigate continuous changes of brain activation and has excellent time resolution. Verbal fluency task (VFT) is widely used as a neuropsychological test of frontal lobe function. The aim of this study was to investigate normal developmental change in frontal lobe function during VFT(More)
We evaluated the brainstem function or its excitability by the blink reflex evoked with the electrical stimulation to the supraorbital nerve in 10 patients with athetotic cerebral palsy compared with 10 normal subjects and 7 spastic type patients. There were no differences in stimulus intensity, latency of R1 and R2 components, and duration and area of EMG(More)
Seven patients with Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy were studied. Low density areas (LDs) in the cerebral white matter on cranial CT were present in all 4 patients younger than 13 years of age and in 1 of 3 adult patients. LDs corresponded to low signals on T1 weighted MRI image and high signals on T2 weighted MRI image. The follow-up MRI showed(More)