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Contemporary integrated circuits are designed and manufactured in a globalized environment leading to concerns of piracy, overproduction and counterfeiting. One class of techniques to combat these threats is logic encryption. Logic encryption modifies an IC design such that it operates correctly only when a set of newly introduced inputs, called key inputs,(More)
Formal verification of liveness properties of practical communication fabrics are generally intractable with present day verification tools. We focus on a particular type of liveness called 'progress' which is a form of deadlock freedom. An end-to-end progress property is broken down into localized safety assertions, which are more easily provable, and lead(More)
Mapping into K-input lookup tables (K-LUTs) is an important step in synthesis for Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). The traditional FPGA architecture assumes all interconnects between individual LUTs are "routable". This paper proposes a modified FPGA architecture which allows for direct (non-routable) connections between adjacent LUTs. As a result,(More)
A method for finding large isomorphic subgraphs in two similar circuits is proposed, and its application to sequential equivalence checking (SEC) is discussed. SEC ensures correctness of two designs. Among other things, efficient SEC is important for wider adoption of innovative sequential synthesis (SS) methods, which offer substantial reductions in delay,(More)
—We describe a tool which combines a commercial front-end with a version of the model checker, ABC, enhanced to handle a subset of LTL properties. Our tool, VeriABC, provides a solution at the RTL level and produces models for synthesis and formal verification purposes. We use Verific (a commercial software) as the generic parser platform for SystemVerilog(More)
Capacity limitations continue to impede widespread adoption of formal property verification in the design validation ow of software and hardware systems. The more popular choice (at least in the hardware domain) has been dynamic property verification (DPV), which is a semi-formal approach where the formal properties are checked over simulation runs. DPV is(More)
We present ABCD-NL, a technique that approximates non-linear analog circuits using purely Boolean models, to high accuracy. Given an analog/mixed-signal (AMS) system (e.g., a SPICE netlist), ABCD-NL produces a Boolean circuit representation (e.g., an And Inverter Graph, Finite State Machine, or Binary Decision Diagram) that captures the I/O behaviour of the(More)
This paper describes a fast retiming algorithm targeting delay while minimizing the number of flip-flops moved. The algorithm can be applied before placement to minimize logic level, or after placement to minimize the critical region annotated with wire delays. Experiments on a suite of industrial benchmarks show that the algorithm improves fMAX by 9% while(More)