Say Ling Toh

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One thousand orthopantomograms (OPGs) of patients 20-40 years old were examined. Where impacted third molars were present, the angle and depth of impaction were recorded. Results were analysed using the Pearson chi2 test. 68.6% of OPGs showed at least one impacted third molar. The frequency was three-fold higher in the mandible (1024/1079=90%) than in the(More)
AIMS To characterise the mechanism of glycopeptide resistance, genetic relatedness, and pathogenicity factors in isolates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in Singapore. METHODS A total of 292 Enterococcus faecium and 17 Enterococcus faecalis were isolated from humans, and five E. faecium, two Enterococcus durans, two Enterococcus flavescens, one(More)
Campylobacter species are major enteric pathogens causing diarrhea illness in humans and animals. Immunological tests are needed for accurate and rapid identification of C. coli, in conjunction with the use of standard biochemical tests. We initiated the creation of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) using whole C. coli cells as antigen. Four positive clones were(More)
Campylobacter species are important enteric pathogens causing disease in humans and animals. There is a lack of a good immunological test that can be used routinely to separate Campylobacter jejuni from other Campylobacter species. We produced monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of C. jejuni using(More)
The aims of the study were to quantify the transverse stiffness of two aesthetic orthodontic archwires (0018 inch Teflon-coated stainless steel and 0017 inch Optiflex) in a simulated clinical setting and to assess the influence of deflection direction on the bending stiffness. The aesthetic archwires were randomly divided into three equal groups: group 1,(More)
We present a modified method of shearography, known herein as multiple-image shearography, whereby the curvatures of an object can be measured directly from the resulting fringes. It employs an image-shearing camera that produces three sheared images simultaneously to interfere with each other in the image plane. When film is doubly exposed before and after(More)
Conductive atomic force microscopy (CAFM) was used to investigate nano-electric performances of semiconductor MOS (metal-oxide-semiconductor) devices. Due to the small tip size (as small as ∼20 nm for PtSi probes), CAFM is capable of imaging both topography and current information of nano-device structures simultaneously with very high lateral(More)
The effect of contamination by dietary oil on acid etching has not been reported in the literature. If dietary oil adversely affects acid etching, then a decrease in bond strength is expected. This in vitro study investigated the bond strength of brackets bonded to tooth surfaces that had been contaminated with dietary oil and on which prophylaxis was not(More)
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