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Chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans are strong inhibitors of structural rearrangement after injuries of the adult CNS. In addition to CS chains, keratan sulfate (KS) chains are also covalently attached to some proteoglycans. CS and KS sometimes share the same core protein, but exist as independent sugar chains. However, the biological significance of KS(More)
Bacterial DNA and synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethylated CpG motifs stimulate cells of the immune system to secrete a variety of cytokines and chemokines. This function can be carried out by microglia and astrocytes in the CNS. To evaluate the effect of CpG ODN on microglia and astrocytes, purified cells were isolated and cultured in(More)
Hyaluronan is a component of the extracellular matrix of the central nervous system, and forms perineuronal nets around neurons. It has been recently reported that the hyaluronan-degrading enzyme hyaluronidase promotes lateral mobility of AMPA-type glutamate receptors and enhances synaptic plasticity. However, the biological significance of(More)
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