Sawako Moriwaki

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Mast cells (MCs) accumulate in chronic inflammatory sites; however, it is not clear which adhesion molecules are involved in this process. Recently, the expression of Notch ligands was reported to be upregulated in inflammatory sites. Although Notch receptors are known as signaling molecules that can activate integrins, their contributions to the adhesion(More)
Anthocyanins, one of the flavonoid subtypes, are a large family of water-soluble phytopigments and have a wide range of health-promoting benefits. Recently, an anthocyanin-rich compound from blueberries was reported to possess protective property against bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) animal models. However, the active ingredients in the anthocyanin(More)
BACKGROUND Cholestatic liver diseases exhibit higher levels of serum γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and incidence of secondary osteoporosis. GGT has been identified as a novel bone-resorbing factor that stimulates osteoclast formation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the interaction of elevated GGT levels and cholestatic liver disease-induced bone(More)
Chronic inflammation-associated bone destruction, which is observed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis, is mediated by excessive osteoclastogenesis. We showed previously that γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), an enzyme involved in glutathione metabolism, acts as an endogenous activator of such pathological osteoclastogenesis, independent of its(More)
Homoursodeoxycholic acid and [11,12-3H]homoursodeoxycholic acid were synthesized from ursodeoxycholic acid and homocholic acid, respectively. Ursodeoxycholic acid (Ia) was converted to 3 alpha, 7 beta-diformoxy-5 beta-cholan-24-oic acid (Ib) using formic acid. Reaction of the diformoxy derivative (Ib) with thionyl chloride yielded the acid chloride (II)(More)
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