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Cardiac tissue engineering is an emerging field. The suitability of engineered heart tissue (EHT) for both in vitro and in vivo applications will depend on the degree of syncytoid tissue formation and cardiac myocyte differentiation in vitro, contractile function, and electrophysiological properties. Here, we demonstrate that cardiac myocytes from neonatal(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is an important contributor to ventricular hypertrophy and failure, which are associated with arrhythmogenesis and sudden death. To elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying the arrhythmogenic effects of ET-1 we tested the hypothesis that long-term (24 hrs) exposure to ET-1 impairs impulse conduction in cultures of neonatal rat ventricular(More)
The mode of development of the intercalated disk (ID) is largely unknown, and the hypothesis was tested that the assembly of cell adhesion junctions may precede the formation of gap junctions (GJ) in developing ID in adult rat cardiomyocyte (ARC) in long-term culture. Immunostaining for connexin 43 (Cx43) and for cell adhesion junction proteins (N-cadherin,(More)
OBJECTIVE Tissue engineered heart valves based on polymeric or xenogeneic matrices have several disadvantages, such as instability of biodegradable polymeric scaffolds, unknown transfer of animal related infectious diseases, and xenogeneic rejection patterns. To overcome these limitations we developed tissue engineered heart valves based on human matrices(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. We report in an emphysema model of mice chronically exposed to tobacco smoke that pulmonary vascular dysfunction, vascular remodeling, and pulmonary hypertension (PH) precede development of alveolar destruction. We provide evidence for a causative role of(More)
BACKGROUND The progression of compensated hypertrophy to heart failure (HF) is still debated. We investigated patients with isolated valvular aortic stenosis and differing degrees of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction to test the hypothesis that structural remodeling, as well as cell death, contributes to the transition to HF. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Bone marrow-Derived cells have been proposed to form new vessels or at least incorporate into growing vessels in adult organisms under certain physiological and pathological conditions. We investigated whether bone marrow-Derived cells incorporate into vessels using mouse models of hindlimb ischemia (arteriogenesis and angiogenesis) and tumor growth.(More)
The existence of the epicardial telocytes was previously documented by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or immunofluorescence. We have also demonstrated recently that telocytes are present in mice epicardium, within the cardiac stem-cell niches, and, possibly, they are acting as nurse cells for the cardiomyocyte progenitors. The rationale of this study was to(More)
  • Sawa Kostin
  • 2010
The existence of a new type of interstitial cells in the heart namely, interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICLC), has been described for the first time by Hinescu and Popescu in 2005. This study was then followed by an ascending trend of publications regarding the morphology, phenotype and distribution of myocardial ICLC in diverse species including human(More)
The biological principles that underlie the induction and process of alveolization in the lung as well as the maintenance of the complex lung tissue structure are one of the major obstacles in pulmonary medicine today. Bone marrow-derived cells have been shown to participate in angiogenesis, vascular repair, and remodeling of various organs. We addressed(More)