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Allergic inflammation involves the mobilization and trafficking of eosinophils to sites of inflammation. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) has been shown to play a critical role in eosinophil recruitment and airway allergic inflammation in vivo. The role played by Gal-3 in human eosinophil trafficking was investigated. Eosinophils from allergic donors expressed elevated(More)
Association of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) with the pathogenesis of allergic asthma is well recognized and its role as a chemoattractant for eosinophils (Eos) in vitro and in vivo has been previously demonstrated. Here we have examined the regulation of 5-HT-induced human and murine Eos trafficking and migration at a cellular and molecular level.(More)
The trafficking of leukocytes from the blood to sites of inflammation is the cumulative result of receptor-ligand-mediated signaling events associated with the leukocytes themselves as well as with the underlying vascular endothelium. Our data show that Galpha(i) signaling pathways in the vascular endothelium regulate a critical step required for leukocyte(More)
Elevated levels of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) are observed in the serum of asthmatics. Herein, we demonstrate that 5-HT functions independently as an eosinophil chemoattractant that acts additively with eotaxin. 5-HT2A receptor antagonists (including MDL-100907 and cyproheptadine (CYP)) were found to inhibit 5-HT-induced, but not eotaxin-induced(More)
The expressed human Ig repertoire is not an equal representation of all V(H) segments present in genomic DNA. Studies have shown that a restricted set of V(H) gene segments are over-represented in Ab repertoires of fetal/neonatal and adult B cells. Additionally, this restricted set of V(H) genes is frequently expressed by autoimmune and tumor B cells. To(More)
Mycobacterium avium is a common opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised patients such as those infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Although M. avium is an intracellular organism replicating predominantly in macrophages, disseminated M. avium infection is seen in AIDS patients with CD4(+) cell counts of <50 cells/microliters, suggesting a(More)
Many recipients of bone marrow transplant (BMT) make normal amounts of serum immunoglobulin but are deficient in generating specific antibody responses to exogenous stimuli. To determine if abnormal usage of VH genes contributes to this immunodeficiency, the usage of VH genes was determined in peripheral blood B cells of four BMT recipients, two of whom had(More)
Bacterial DNA and its synthetic immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotide analogs (ISS-ODN) activate innate immunity and promote Th1 and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte immune responses. Based on these activities, we investigated whether ISS-ODN could modify the course of Mycobacterium avium infection. M. avium growth in vitro was significantly inhibited by ISS-ODN(More)
Clinical strains of Mycobacterium avium isolated from patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, but not a non-clinical laboratory strain (ATCC 25291), were found to stimulate the human alveolar epithelial cell line A549, to produce monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. A549 cells were also found to produce elevated levels of MCP-1 in response to(More)
The cascade of leukocyte interactions under conditions of blood flow is well established in the systemic microcirculation, but not in lung microcirculation. We have developed a murine model to study lung microcirculation by transplanting lung tissue into dorsal skin-fold window chambers in nude mice and examining the ability of leukocytes to traffic within(More)