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Association of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) with the pathogenesis of allergic asthma is well recognized and its role as a chemoattractant for eosinophils (Eos) in vitro and in vivo has been previously demonstrated. Here we have examined the regulation of 5-HT-induced human and murine Eos trafficking and migration at a cellular and molecular level.(More)
Elevated levels of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) are observed in the serum of asthmatics. Herein, we demonstrate that 5-HT functions independently as an eosinophil chemoattractant that acts additively with eotaxin. 5-HT2A receptor antagonists (including MDL-100907 and cyproheptadine (CYP)) were found to inhibit 5-HT-induced, but not eotaxin-induced(More)
ORM (yeast)-like protein isoform 3 (ORMDL3) has recently been identified as a candidate gene for susceptibility to asthma; however, the mechanisms by which it contributes to asthma pathogenesis are not well understood. Here we demonstrate a functional role for ORMDL3 in eosinophils in the context of allergic inflammation. Eosinophils recruited to the(More)
The interaction of circulating leukocytes with lung microvessels is a critical event in the recruitment of effector cells into the interstitial tissue during episodes of inflammation, including smoking-induced chronic airway disease. In the present study, murine lung tissue transplanted into a dorsal skinfold window chamber in nude mice was used as a model(More)
Eosinophils are the predominant inflammatory cells recruited to allergic airways. In this article, we show that human and murine eosinophils express SWAP-70, an intracellular RAC-binding signaling protein, and examine its role in mediating eosinophil trafficking and pulmonary recruitment in a murine model of allergic airway inflammation. Compared with(More)
BACKGROUND The cell-surface protein CD38 mediates airway smooth muscle (ASM) contractility by generating cyclic ADP-ribose, a calcium-mobilizing molecule. In human ASM cells, TNF-α augments CD38 expression transcriptionally by NF-κB and AP-1 activation and involving MAPK and PI3K signaling. CD38-/- mice develop attenuated airway hyperresponsiveness(More)
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells play a critical role in the pathophysiology of asthma due to their hypercontractility and their ability to proliferate and secrete inflammatory mediators. microRNAs (miRNAs) are gene regulators that control many signaling pathways and thus serve as potential therapeutic alternatives for many diseases. We have previously(More)
Six neuroleptic (antipsychotic) phenothiazine derivatives which are calmodulin antagonists were tested for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv in order to understand their structure-antitubercular activity relationship. Out of the six derivatives tested (trifluoperazine, chlorpromazine, triflupromazine, thioridazine, acetopromazine and(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans (HSPGs) participate in several aspects of inflammation because of their ability to bind to growth factors, chemokines, interleukins and extracellular matrix proteins as well as promote inflammatory cell trafficking and migration. We investigated whether HSPGs play a role in the development of airway remodeling during(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β galactoside-binding lectin, is implicated in the pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation and allergen-challenged mice deficient in Gal-3 (Gal-3(-/-)) exhibit decreased airway recruitment of eosinophils (Eos). Gal-3 is expressed and secreted by several cell types and can thus function extracellularly and intracellularly to(More)
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