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BACKGROUND & AIMS Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the mildest form in the spectrum of hepatic encephalopathy. This cross-sectional study was carried out to elucidate the role of bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine and delayed intestinal transit among patients with MHE. METHODS Two-hundred-thirty patients with cirrhosis were screened; 102(More)
The goals of our present study were to measure plasma homocysteine levels and determine their association with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms (C677T and A1298C) in essential hypertensive subjects. Plasma total homocysteine and folic acid levels were measured in essential hypertensive patients (n = 153) before and after oral(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiology of acute stroke in developing countries differs from that in the developed world, for example, the age at stroke, risk factors, subtypes of stroke and prognosis. Hypertension remains a dominant risk factor and prognostic indicator in patients with stroke in all communities. The risk of stroke is directly related to elevations of(More)
A total of 428 sera samples from patients of acute sporadic viral hepatitis collected from Delhi (172), Uttar Pradesh (192) and Rajasthan (64) were tested for Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) markers. Non A non B was diagnosed by exclusion. The prevalence of HAV, HBV and non A non B in such cases was almost comparable at three places. The(More)
The demographic features of acute x sporadic viral hepatitis as diagnosed by specific markers of viral infection in four different cities in north and north-east India, were examined. Of 405 patients examined, 26 per cent had HB,Ag, 5.9 per cent IgM-anti-HAV antibody, and 8.4 per cent IgM-anti-HBc antibody. Hepatitis B occurred more frequently in male(More)
BACKGROUND In the West, urbanization has been accompanied by a rise in the rate of coronary heart disease. This trend has gone hand in hand with an increased consumption of processed, energy-dense food and dependence on machines for physical work. To examine whether a similar trend is underway in northern India, the prevalence of and risk factors for(More)