Savita Dhanvantari

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Carboxypeptidase E (CPE) is a sorting receptor that directs the prohormone pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) to the regulated secretory pathway, and is also a prohormone processing enzyme in neuro/endocrine cells. It has been suggested that the 25 C-terminal amino acids are necessary for the binding of CPE to secretory granule membranes, but its orientation in(More)
Metastasis is a major cause of mortality in cancer patients. However, the mechanisms governing the metastatic process remain elusive, and few accurate biomarkers exist for predicting whether metastasis will occur, something that would be invaluable for guiding therapy. We report here that the carboxypeptidase E gene (CPE) is alternatively spliced in human(More)
Membrane carboxypeptidase E (CPE) is a sorting receptor for targeting prohormones, such as pro-opiomelanocortin, to the regulated secretory pathway in endocrine cells. Its membrane association is necessary for it to bind a prohormone sorting signal at the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to facilitate targeting. In this study, we examined the lipid interaction of(More)
Proglucagon (proG) is processed in a tissue-specific manner to glucagon in the pancreas and to gilcentin, oxyntomodulin, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, and GLP-2 in the intestine. Recombinant vaccinia virus (vv) vectors were used to infect prohormone convertase 1 (PC1) or PC2 into nonendocrine (BHK-proG) cells, which stably express proG. Similarly,(More)
The biosynthesis of most biologically active peptides involves the action of prohomone convertases, including PC3 (also known as PC1), that catalyze limited proteolysis of precursor proteins. Proteolysis of prohormones occurs mainly in the granules of the regulated secretory pathway. It has been proposed that the targeting of these processing enzymes to(More)
We have developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for imaging Feridex (superparamagnetic iron oxide [SPIO])-labeled islets of Langerhans using a standard clinical 1.5-Tesla (T) scanner and employing steady-state acquisition imaging sequence (3DFIESTA). Both porcine and rat islets were labeled with SPIO by a transfection technique using a(More)
Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid peptide hormone produced in the stomach. It binds to the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a), a class A G-protein-coupled receptor. In the present study, we describe the design, synthesis and characterization of a truncated, 18-amino acid analog of ghrelin conjugated to a fluorescent molecule, fluorocein(More)
Carboxypeptidase E (CPE) functions as a regulated secretory pathway sorting receptor for several prohormones, including pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), proenkephalin and proinsulin. The association of CPE with lipid rafts in the trans -Golgi network and secretory granule membranes is necessary for its sorting receptor function. We now provide evidence that a(More)
We have investigated the effects of chronically elevated glucose concentrations on the pancreatic alpha-cell line alphaTC1-6. We show that basal glucagon secretion and proglucagon gene expression were increased in response to high glucose levels. The extent of acute stimulated secretion of glucagon was also increased in response to high glucose, as was the(More)
In vitro melatonin (M) reduced the tone of gut muscles and counteracted the tonic effect of serotonin (5-HT). In vivo 0.1 to 4 mg of 5-HT (contained in beeswax implants) decreased the food transit time (FTT) in a dose-dependent manner, but higher doses (5 and 6 mg) increased the FTT. Melatonin injected intraperitoneally into mice bearing 5-HT implants (2 mg(More)