Saverio Paltrinieri

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A 21-year-old Dutch crossbred mare was presented with a 1-month history of weight loss and weakness. Clinical evaluation revealed severe anemia and thrombocytopenia with evidence of hepatic disease and muscular damage. Necropsy findings included diaphragmatic rupture with an extensive retroperitoneal hematoma and severe hepatosplenomegaly. Microscopic(More)
The acute phase reaction (APR) is a response to potentially pathogenic stimuli. It begins with the release of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha from inflammatory cells. These cytokines induce fever, leucocytosis and release of serum acute phase proteins (APPs). In this review, the characteristics of the feline APR are(More)
The possible role of some acute phase proteins (APPs) and immunoglobulins in both the pathogenesis and diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) has been investigated. Serum protein electrophoresis and the concentration of haptoglobin (Hp), serum amyloid A (SAA), alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP), IgG and IgM were evaluated in cats exposed to feline(More)
The in vitro effects of the ketone bodies beta-OH-butyrate (2.4 or 4.8 mmol/l) and acetoacetate (2.4 or 4.8 mmol/l) on the uptake of latex particles (1.09 microns) and chemotaxis were investigated in ovine neutrophils. Because the acetoacetate used was a lithium salt, the effect of 2.4 or 4.8 mmol/l lithium chloride was also tested. Neutrophils from eight(More)
The effects of the ketone bodies beta-OH-butyrate and acetoacetate (2.4 or 4.8 mmol/l), administered singly or simultaneously in vitro, on adherence and superoxide anion (SO) production in ovine neutrophils were investigated by simultaneous assay in 96-well microplates. Because the acetoacetate used was a lithium salt, the effect of 2.4 and 4.8 mmol/l(More)
In August 2002, scientists and veterinarians from all over the world met in Scotland to discuss feline coronavirus (FCoV) and feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). The conference ended with delegates dividing into three workshops to draw up recommendations for FCoV control, diagnosis and treatment and future research. The workshops were chaired by the three(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is a common metabolic disease often complicated by a number of pathological conditions among which are haematological changes and alterations in blood cell function. Human and feline diabetes mellitus patients have been reported to be associated with oxidative stress that can lead to membrane alterations and to(More)
The immune system of vertebrates detects bacterial DNA as a "danger signal" based on the presence of unmethylated CpG motifs. We examined whether oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) with CpG motifs (CpG-ODNs) also induce mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). Mice challenged with CpG-ODNs showed an increase in peripheral blood colony-forming units(More)