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Blood volume and clinical data are reported on 8 premature and 3 full-term infants who presented with symptoms apparently due to polycythemia or hypervolemia. These cases termed 'symptomatic neonatal plethora' were caused by large placental transfusions associated with delayed clamping of the umbilical cord. Tachypnea, mild cyanosis, plethoric skin color,(More)
This study was intended to determine the effects of extremely low birthweight (ELBW, 500 to 999 g) and very low birthweight (VLBW, 1000 to 1499 g) on neuromotor ability in 5- to 7-year-old children. Fourteen ELBW and 20 VLBW children were compared with 24 term control children of normal birthweight (NBW, >2500 g). Using quantitative assessment instruments,(More)
PURPOSE This study was intended to determine whether anaerobic muscle performance is deficient in 5- to 7-yr-old children of extremely low birthweight (ELBW, 500-999 g) and very low birthweight (VLBW, 1000-1499 g). METHODS Fourteen ELBW and 20 VLBW children were compared with 24 normal birthweight (NBW, >2500 g) term controls. Peak (PP) and mean (MP)(More)
AIM To study the factors associated with outcome in acute liver failure (ALF) in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS Consecutive patients with ALF admitted to the ICU from August 2003 to April 2010 were included. Factors associated with the primary outcome, death or survival, were compared. RESULTS Of 52 patients of median age 19 years (range 3-65),(More)
Red blood cell volume was estimated indirectly from plasma volume and venous hematocrit measurements in 262 consecutively delivered premature infants of less than 37 weeks' gestation. Infants with respiratory distress syndrome averaged lower red cell volumes (P0.02) than those without. Fatal cases had the lowest volumes. There was a 10.3% mortality from RDS(More)
We present a method for identifying biomarkers in human lung injury. The method is based on high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy applied to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected from lungs of critically ill patients. This biological fluid can be obtained by bronchoscopic and non-bronchoscopic methods. The type of lung injury(More)
Though both malaria and leptospirosis are frequent in the tropics, co-infections are under-recognized due to overlapping of clinical features. Here, we reviewed clinical manifestations of published co-infection along with our three cases. Out of a total of 18 patients, nine patients (50%) required ICU admission. Almost all patients had prodromal symptoms in(More)
Acute methotrexate toxicity rarely presents as medical emergency in form of multiorgan failure. Acute pneumonitis following low-dose methotrexate is rarely reported in literature. It is important to recognize this, as the drug must be discontinued immediately and rescue measures in form of folinic acid and hydration instituted promptly.