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Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish oils may have antifibrillatory effects; however, their electrophysiologic effects in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic fish oil supplementation on human pulmonary vein (PV) and left atrial electrophysiology in PAF. Patients with PAF(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a high risk of recurrence after electrical cardioversion. OBJECTIVE We examined if long-term supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish oils commenced >1 month prior to electrical cardioversion and continued thereafter reduces recurrence of persistent AF. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the nature of atrial fibrillation (AF) activation in human persistent AF (PerAF) using modern tools including activation, directionality analyses, complex-fractionated electrogram, and spectral information. BACKGROUND The mechanism of PerAF in humans is uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS High-density epicardial mapping (128(More)
Although sinus node dysfunction (SND) and atrial arrhythmias frequently coexist and interact, the putative mechanism linking the 2 remain unclear. Although SND is accompanied by atrial myocardial structural changes in the right atrium, atrial fibrillation (AF) is a disease of variable interactions between left atrial triggers and substrate most commonly of(More)
BACKGROUND Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish oils may have antifibrillatory effects. Their mechanism of action in humans is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic fish oil supplementation on human atrial electrophysiology (EP). METHODS Two groups of patients without clinical AF or(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial mechanical stunning is a form of tachycardia-mediated atrial cardiomyopathy that manifests after reversion of persistent atrial arrhythmias to sinus rhythm. OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine whether chronic omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation with fish oils can reverse atrial mechanical stunning. METHODS Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in LMNA are variably expressed and may cause cardiomyopathy, atrioventricular block (AVB), or atrial arrhythmias (AAs) and ventricular arrhythmias (VA). Detailed natural history studies of LMNA-associated arrhythmic and nonarrhythmic outcomes are limited, and the prognostic significance of the index cardiac phenotype remains uncertain.(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in human beating hearts. AF initiates self-perpetuating changes in electrophysiology, structure and functional properties of the atria, a phenomenon known as atrial remodeling. Hypertension, heart failure, valvular heart disease, sleep apnea, congenital heart disease are well known(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic role of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurement before noncardiac surgery is unclear. The authors therefore performed a meta-analysis of studies in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery to assess the prognostic value of elevated BNP or N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) levels in predicting mortality and major adverse(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter-tissue contact is critical for effective lesion creation. We characterized the contact force (CF) at different anatomic sites during antral pulmonary vein (PV) isolation for atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS Two experienced operators performed PV isolation in 22 patients facilitated by a novel CF-sensing ablation catheter in a(More)