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RATIONALE The recent emergence of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) as a potent cardioprotective signaling molecule necessitates the elucidation of its cytoprotective mechanisms. OBJECTIVE The present study evaluated potential mechanisms of H(2)S-mediated cardioprotection using an in vivo model of pharmacological preconditioning. METHODS AND RESULTS H(2)S (100(More)
The defining event in apoptosis is mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP), allowing apoptogen release. In contrast, the triggering event in primary necrosis is early opening of the inner membrane mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), precipitating mitochondrial dysfunction and cessation of ATP synthesis. Bcl-2 proteins Bax and Bak(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical studies have reported that metformin reduces cardiovascular end points of type 2 diabetic subjects by actions that cannot solely be attributed to glucose-lowering effects. The therapeutic effects of metformin have been reported to be mediated by its activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a metabolite sensing protein kinase(More)
Clinical studies have reported that the widely used antihyperglycemic drug metformin significantly reduces cardiac risk factors and improves clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure. The mechanisms by which metformin exerts these cardioprotective effects remain unclear and may be independent of antihyperglycemic effects. We tested the hypothesis(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is an endogenously produced gaseous signaling molecule with diverse physiological activity. The potential protective effects of H(2)S have not been evaluated in the liver. The purpose of the current study was to investigate if H(2)S could afford hepatoprotection in a murine model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Hepatic(More)
We discuss recent evidence for an accelerating Universe from measurements of type Ia supernovae at high redshift, and describe tests of various systematic effects such as extinction and evolution that could be biasing the cosmological result. Continued observations of these objects, both over a wider wavelength region and at higher redshift, should provide(More)
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is comprehensive reform and by virtue of its comprehensiveness can be cumbersome to read and understand. This short piece is a succinct and irreverent glance at PPACA. The piece starts with a question and ends with the same question: Will PPACA break the iron triangle?
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES There has been attention on the job market recently and on radiology's supply/demand calculus. Supply is influenced by the number of trained radiologists, while demand is driven by demographics and technological innovation. We analyze the supply of radiologists historically and compare to other labor markets-medical and non-medical,(More)
OBJECTIVE Humanin (HN), an endogenous antiapoptotic peptide, has previously been shown to protect against Alzheimer's disease and a variety of cellular insults. We evaluated the effects of a potent analog of HN (HNG) in an in vivo murine model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS Male C57BL6/J mice (8 to 10 week old) were subjected(More)