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Heat stroke-induced death is a major killer worldwide. Mice were subjected to acute heat stress by exposing them to whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) treatment and were used as a model to study heat stroke. Administration of L-arginine (L-arg, 120 mg/kg, i.p) 2 h after the cessation of WBH rescued the mice from heat-induced death and reduced the hypothermia.(More)
We have demonstrated that therapeutic administration of L-arginine (L-arg) (120 mg/kg) at +2 h of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) could rescue the mice from heatstroke-induced death. Studies were undertaken to elucidate the role of L-arg in the immunomodulation of the heat-stressed mice. Administration of L-arginine (L-arg), (120 mg/kg, i.p.), at +2 h of WBH,(More)
An ascitic lymphosarcoma (LS-A) of Swiss mice that regressed spontaneously on subcutaneous (s.c.) transplantation was investigated for the mechanism of its progressive growth and host mortality on intraperitoneal (i.p.) transplantation. In vitro studies indicated significant inhibition of LS-A proliferation seeded at higher cell density (>10(4)/ml). Culture(More)
A new assay has been developed to study the osmotic fragility of red blood cells (RBCs) and the involvement of oxygen-derived free radicals and other oxidant species in causing human red blood cell hemolysis. The amount of hemoglobin released into the supernatant, which is a measure of human red blood cell hemolysis, is monitored using an ELISA reader. This(More)
Hepatic fibrosis in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the common pathophysiological process resulting from chronic liver inflammation and oxidative stress. Although significant research has been carried out on the role of leptin-induced NADPH oxidase in fibrogenesis, the molecular mechanisms that connect the leptin-NADPH oxidase axis in upregulation of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Progression from steatosis to steatohepatitic lesions is hypothesized to require a second hit. These lesions have been associated with increased oxidative stress, often ascribed to high levels of leptin and other proinflammatory mediators. Here we have examined the role of leptin in inducing oxidative stress and Kupffer cell activation in(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective efficacy of l-arginine in mitigating the injury induced by 2 Gy of total-body gamma radiation (TBI). Mice exposed to radiation (TBI group) had significantly decreased spleen weight, splenocyte numbers and bone marrow cellularity. Administration of l-arginine 2 h after TBI (TBI + l-arginine(More)
BACKGROUND Dexamethasone (DEX) is demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory properties and known to induce hemodynamic improvement in sepsis and septic shock. L-arginine (L-arg), a semi-essential amino acid, depending on its metabolic pathway, becomes very essential in stress situations such as heatstroke, burns, sepsis, trauma, and wound healing. The aim of(More)
Activation of M1 macrophages in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is produced by several external or endogenous factors: inflammatory stimuli, oxidative stress, and cytokines are known. However, any direct role of oxidative stress in causing M1 polarization in NASH has been unclear. We hypothesized that CYP2E1-mediated oxidative stress causes M1(More)