Sauli Savolainen

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OBJECTIVES Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and high-resolution electroencephalography (EEG) were used to study the spreading of cortical activation in 6 healthy volunteers. METHODS Five locations in the left sensorimotor cortex (within 3cm(2)) were stimulated magnetically, while EEG was recorded with 60 scalp electrodes. A frameless stereotactic(More)
PURPOSE To establish reference data and to study age-dependency for cerebral perfusion in various regions of the brain in a healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty healthy subjects of both genders from 22 to 85 years of age were studied with spin echo echo-planar dynamic susceptibility contrast MR imaging (DSC MRI) at 1.5 T. Cerebral blood volume(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the efficacy and safety of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in the treatment of inoperable head-and-neck cancers that recur locally after conventional photon radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS In this prospective, single-center Phase I/II study, 30 patients with inoperable, locally recurred head-and-neck cancer (29(More)
Targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) is an increasingly used treatment modality for a range of cancers. To date, few treatments have involved the use of dosimetry either to plan treatment or to retrospectively ascertain the absorbed dose delivered during treatment. Also the correlation between absorbed dose and biological effect has been difficult to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the safety of boronophenylalanine-mediated boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in the treatment of malignant gliomas that progress after surgery and conventional external beam radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS Adult patients who had histologically confirmed malignant glioma that had progressed after surgery and external beam(More)
AIMS Neuropathological features of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) are poorly characterized. Brain biopsy during life may help in the differential diagnosis of dementia, but post-mortem validation of biopsy findings is scarce. Here we review and report brain biopsy and post-mortem neuropathological findings in patients with presumed NPH. (More)
Two clinical trials are currently running at the Finnish dedicated boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility. Between May 1999 and December 2001, 18 patients with supratentorial glioblastoma were treated with boronophenylalanine (BPA)-based BNCT within a context of a prospective clinical trial (protocol P-01). All patients underwent prior surgery, but(More)
OBJECTIVE After 40 years of experience with anterior cervical operations, whether to fuse is still controversial. This study seeks to answer this question. METHODS In this prospective randomized study, we operated on 91 patients with single-level cervical root compression using three different methods: 1) discectomy without fusion, 2) fusion with(More)
Four different postprocessing methods to determine cerebral blood volume (CBV) and contrast agent mean transit time (MTT) by dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI were compared. CBV was determined by two different methods that integrate tracer concentration-time curves numerically and by two other methods that take recirculation into account. For the(More)
Phantom experiments and simulations were performed to evaluate the significance of different error sources in a clinical registration procedure for brain SPET and MRI based on external markers. The results from the phantom experiments were used to adjust the error model for simulations. In the phantom experiments, 13-14 external markers were attached to the(More)