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Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a unicellular green alga whose lineage diverged from land plants over 1 billion years ago. It is a model system for studying chloroplast-based photosynthesis, as well as the structure, assembly, and function of eukaryotic flagella (cilia), which were inherited from the common ancestor of plants and animals, but lost in land(More)
The argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) gene of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has been cloned using four oligonucleotide probes corresponding to highly conserved regions of the ASL polypeptide sequence. The identity of the gene was confirmed by partial sequencing. It is unique, contains several introns and spans a region less than 7.8 kb that includes highly(More)
A chimeric gene composed of the coding sequence of theble gene fromStreptoalloteichus hindustanus fused to the 5′ and 3′ untranslated regions of theChlamydomonas reinhardtii nuclear geneRBCS2 has been constructed. Introduction of this chimeric gene into the nuclear genome ofC. reinhardtii by co-transformation with theARG7 marker yields Arg+ transformants of(More)
Reverse-genetic studies of chloroplast genes in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii have been hampered by the paucity of suitable selectable markers for chloroplast transformation. We have constructed a series of vectors for the targeted insertion and expression of foreign genes in the Chlamydomonas chloroplast genome. Using these vectors we have(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetically heterogeneous inherited disorder arising from dysmotility of motile cilia and sperm. This is associated with a variety of ultrastructural defects of the cilia and sperm axoneme that affect movement, leading to clinical consequences on respiratory-tract mucociliary clearance and lung function, fertility, and(More)
In higher plants, the transcription of plastid genes is mediated by at least two types of RNA polymerase (RNAP); a plastid-encoded bacterial RNAP in which promoter specificity is conferred by nuclear-encoded sigma factors, and a nuclear-encoded phage-like RNAP. Green algae, however, appear to possess only the bacterial enzyme. Since transcription of much,(More)
The evolution of the plastid from a photosynthetic bacterial endosymbiont involved a dramatic reduction in the complexity of the plastid genome, with many genes either discarded or transferred to the nucleus of the eukaryotic host. However, this evolutionary process has not gone to completion and a subset of genes remains in all plastids examined to date.(More)
The chloroplast gene psbH encodes a 9-10 kDa thylakoid membrane protein (PSII-H) that is associated with photosystem II and is subject to light-dependent phosphorylation at a threonine residue located on the stromal side of the membrane. The function of PSII-H is not known, neither is it clear what regulatory role phosphorylation may play in the control of(More)
We describe a genetically engineered strain of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii where the PsbH subunit of Photosystem II (PSII) has been modified to include a C-terminal polyhistidine tag. The strain was generated by the rescue to photoautotrophic growth of a psbH insertional mutant following chloroplast transformation with the modified gene. This selection(More)