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BACKGROUND & AIMS Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the mildest form in the spectrum of hepatic encephalopathy. This cross-sectional study was carried out to elucidate the role of bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine and delayed intestinal transit among patients with MHE. METHODS Two-hundred-thirty patients with cirrhosis were screened; 102(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the intake and status of antioxidants in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. DESIGN Randomized control trial. SETTING Hospital outpatient department. SUBJECTS One hundred eighty-five subjects (145 predialysis CKD patients and 40 apparently healthy controls) were enrolled for this study. The patients were divided into moderate(More)
This study was planned to compare the adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a rapid method to diagnose tuberculosis meningitis (TBM). Fifty-four adult patients with suspected TBM and 37 controls were included in this study. The median ADA level was 21U/L of most likely TBM, 14U/L of unconfirmed(More)
1. Weaning rats were fed ad libitum isocaloric diets containing 5% and 20% casein based proteins. 5% protein diet was protein deficient diet. Pair fed rats with the 5% protein group were maintained simultaneously on 20% protein diet but the amount restricted to the amount taken up by PEM group. 2. Glutathione, antioxidative enzymes, lipid peroxidation and(More)
The role of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a glutathione (GSH) precursor, was investigated in protection against isoniazid- (INH) and rifampicin- (RIF) induced oxidative hepatic injury in young Wistar rats. The hepatotoxic dose of INH and RIF was 50 mg kg(-1) day(-1) each and the hepatoprotective dose of NAC was 100 mg kg(-1) day(-1). All drugs were administered(More)
Folate plays a critical role in maintaining normal metabolic, energy, differentiation and growth status of all mammalian cells. The intestinal folate uptake is tightly and diversely regulated, and disturbances in folate homeostasis are observed in alcoholism, attributable, in part, to intestinal malabsorption of folate. The aim of this study was to(More)
The role of oxidative-stress as a mechanism of hepatotoxicity caused by combination of isoniazid (INH) and Rifampicin (RMP) was investigated in young growing rats. A successful model of hepatotoxicity was produced by giving 50 mg/kg/day each of INH and RMP in two weeks. Liver showed type II hepatocellular changes (microvesicular fat deposition) with mild(More)
The process of folate transport regulation across biological membranes is of considerable interest because of its ultimate role in providing one-carbon moieties for key cellular metabolic reactions and exogenous requirement of the vitamin in mammals. Although, intestinal folate malabsorption is established phenomena in alcoholism; however, there is no(More)
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) syndrome is characterized in its florid form by diarrhoea and weight loss. The most common underlying factors are dysmotility, small intestinal obstruction, blind or afferent loops. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth can be diagnosed by: 1) culture of jejunum aspirate for bacterial counts, 2) 14C-D-xylose(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatotoxicity is one of the most serious adverse effects of antituberculosis drugs. The aim of this study was to produce a rat model of isoniazid-rifampicin (INH-RIF) induced hepatotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Wistar rats (100-150 g) were treated with different doses of INH i.e. 25, 50 and 75 mg/kg/day with a fixed dose of RIF i.e. 50(More)