Satyan Sharma

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Fumarase hydratase (FH) deficiency is a rare familial disorder of the tricarboxylic acid cycle which is characterized by severe neurological impairment in early childhood. Several autosomal recessive mutations in the fumarate hydratase gene have been identified as a cause of the lack of fumarase activity in affected individuals. We describe a novel mutation(More)
Post-translational modification of proteins by lysine acetylation plays important regulatory roles in living cells. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a widely used unicellular eukaryotic model organism in biomedical research. S. cerevisiae contains several evolutionary conserved lysine acetyltransferases and deacetylases. However, only a few(More)
Vesicle fusion is mediated by an assembly of SNARE proteins between opposing membranes, but it is unknown whether transmembrane domains (TMDs) of SNARE proteins serve mechanistic functions that go beyond passive anchoring of the force-generating SNAREpin to the fusing membranes. Here, we show that conformational flexibility of synaptobrevin-2 TMD is(More)
The phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase activity of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) has been well established. It has also been suggested that PAP partly regulates the activity of growth factor receptors by dephosphorylating the autophosphorylysable tyrosines in them. We studied the binding of the peptides from epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and(More)
Histidine phosphatases are a class of enzymes that are characterized by the presence of a conserved RHGXRXP motif. This motif contains a catalytic histidine that is being phosphorylated in the course of a dephosphorylation reaction catalyzed by these enzymes. Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is one such enzyme. The dephosphorylation of phosphotyrosine by(More)
The T cell receptor (TCR) together with accessory cluster of differentiation 3 (CD3) molecules (TCR-CD3 complex) is a key component in the primary function of T cells. The nature of association of the transmembrane domains is of central importance to the assembly of the complex and is largely unknown. Using multiscale molecular modeling and simulations, we(More)
Structural and kinetic properties of the human 2-enoyl thioester reductase [mitochondrial enoyl-coenzyme A reductase (MECR)/ETR1] of the mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis (FAS) II pathway have been determined. The crystal structure of this dimeric enzyme (at 2.4 A resolution) suggests that the binding site for the recognition helix of the acyl carrier(More)
We previously showed that CD28 is expressed on human peripheral blood neutrophils and plays an important role in CXCR-1 expression and IL-8-induced neutrophil migration. In this work we demonstrate that Leishmania major infection of macrophages results in parasite dose-dependent IL-8 secretion in vitro and in IL-8-directed neutrophil migration, as blocked(More)
P2 is a fatty acid-binding protein expressed in vertebrate peripheral nerve myelin, where it may function in bilayer stacking and lipid transport. P2 binds to phospholipid membranes through its positively charged surface and a hydrophobic tip, and accommodates fatty acids inside its barrel structure. The structure of human P2 refined at the ultrahigh(More)