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Post-translational modification of proteins by lysine acetylation plays important regulatory roles in living cells. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a widely used unicellular eukaryotic model organism in biomedical research. S. cerevisiae contains several evolutionary conserved lysine acetyltransferases and deacetylases. However, only a few(More)
Fumarase hydratase (FH) deficiency is a rare familial disorder of the tricarboxylic acid cycle which is characterized by severe neurological impairment in early childhood. Several autosomal recessive mutations in the fumarate hydratase gene have been identified as a cause of the lack of fumarase activity in affected individuals. We describe a novel mutation(More)
Vesicle fusion is mediated by an assembly of SNARE proteins between opposing membranes, but it is unknown whether transmembrane domains (TMDs) of SNARE proteins serve mechanistic functions that go beyond passive anchoring of the force-generating SNAREpin to the fusing membranes. Here, we show that conformational flexibility of synaptobrevin-2 TMD is(More)
We previously showed that CD28 is expressed on human peripheral blood neutrophils and plays an important role in CXCR-1 expression and IL-8-induced neutrophil migration. In this work we demonstrate that Leishmania major infection of macrophages results in parasite dose-dependent IL-8 secretion in vitro and in IL-8-directed neutrophil migration, as blocked(More)
Structural and kinetic properties of the human 2-enoyl thioester reductase [mitochondrial enoyl-coenzyme A reductase (MECR)/ETR1] of the mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis (FAS) II pathway have been determined. The crystal structure of this dimeric enzyme (at 2.4 A resolution) suggests that the binding site for the recognition helix of the acyl carrier(More)
P2 is a fatty acid-binding protein expressed in vertebrate peripheral nerve myelin, where it may function in bilayer stacking and lipid transport. P2 binds to phospholipid membranes through its positively charged surface and a hydrophobic tip, and accommodates fatty acids inside its barrel structure. The structure of human P2 refined at the ultrahigh(More)
The T cell receptor (TCR) together with accessory cluster of differentiation 3 (CD3) molecules (TCR-CD3 complex) is a key component in the primary function of T cells. The nature of association of the transmembrane domains is of central importance to the assembly of the complex and is largely unknown. Using multiscale molecular modeling and simulations, we(More)
The upstream stimulatory factor 2 (USF2) is a regulator of important cellular processes and is supposed to have also a role during tumor development. However, the knowledge about the mechanisms that control the function of USF2 is limited. The data of the current study show that USF2 function is regulated by phosphorylation and identified GSK3β as an(More)