Satwik A. Patnaik

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Phased arrays have long been used by the military for radar applications, but have only been recently applied to consumer applications. In a phased array system, one or more narrow beams are generated by transmitting (or receiving) a common RF signal that is phase shifted at the output of each antenna in the array such that the direction of the beams can be(More)
—An analytical framework has been developed to describe the transient behavior of negative resistance injection-locked oscillators based on Adler's equation. Design insights are provided by using a combination of analytical simplifications and graphical interpretation. It has been shown that injection locking can be used to meet the requirements for fast(More)
—This paper presents a Wireless-USB/WiMedia-compliant fast-hopping frequency synthesizer architecture with quadrature outputs based on sub-harmonic injection-locking. The synthesizer features a cross-coupled quadrature digitally-controlled oscillator, that is injection-locked to a sub-harmonic frequency. An intuitive closed-form expression for the dynamics(More)
—This paper presents a fast-hopping frequency synthesizer architecture with quadrature outputs, based on sub-harmonic injection-locking, that is compliant with Wireless-USB/WiMedia specifications. The synthesizer features a cross-coupled quadrature digitally-controlled oscillator, that is injection locked to a sub-harmonic frequency. On-chip mixers have(More)
—This paper presents a simple, unified phase noise model for injection-locked oscillators (ILO). We show that an ILO is identical to a type-I first-order PLL in its noise behavior within the lock range. The model predicts the phase noise of injection-locked oscillators (ILO), injection-locked frequency di-viders (ILFD), and injection-locked frequency(More)
—A novel multi-frequency beamforming front-end is proposed. The proposed front-end allows for simultaneous and independent steering of multiple frequency beams. As proof of concept, an 8GHz 2-channel, 4-frequency phased array beam-former is designed and implemented in 65nm CMOS. The IF signal on each channel is frequency split using an all passive 4-point(More)
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