Satu M. Somani

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The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether any alterations in antioxidant enzyme activities and levels of glutathione (GSH) in brain regions occurred following exercise training. Sprague-Dawley rats were given exercise training on a treadmill for 7.5 weeks and sacrificed 18 h after the last exercise along with the sedentary control rats.(More)
Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) and maximum velocity (Vmax) of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione reductase (GR) in various tissues of exercise-trained old rats were compared with the age matched sedentary control. Exercise training increased the maximum velocity (Vmax) for CAT in the brain (350%), liver (33%), lung (34%), muscle(More)
The dose and duration limiting toxic effects of cisplatin are ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity. While several studies have attempted to shed some light on the causes of nephrotoxicity, the reasons for ototoxicity induced by cisplatin are poorly understood. Therefore, this investigation was undertaken to delineate the potential mechanisms underlying cisplatin(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS To review the recent data from experiments performed in this laboratory to test the hypothesis that cisplatin ototoxicity is related to depletion of glutathione and antioxidant enzymes in the cochlea and that the use of antioxidants or protective agents would protect the cochlea against cisplatin damage and prevent hearing loss. STUDY(More)
Mustards have become an important topic of global discussion in recent years. The latest extensive reports and conference of 145 nations in Paris (January 13, 1989) reveal that several countries have stockpiled large quantities of mustard gas. This situation creates an imminent danger to accidental or intentional exposure of this gas to civil populations(More)
This study investigated the response of the antioxidant defense system in brain subcellular fractions after oral graded doses of ethanol to rat. Four groups of male Fischer-344 rats were orally administered saline, ethanol 2 g, 4 g, and 6 g/kg, respectively, and sacrificed 1 hour post treatment. Brain cytosol, synaptosomes, microsomes and mitochondria were(More)
This study was undertaken in order to investigate the interactive effects of exercise training and chronic ethanol consumption on the antioxidant system in rat liver and plasma. Fisher-344 rats were treated in separate groups as follows: sedentary control (SC); exercise training (ET) for 6.5 weeks; ethanol 20% (2.0 g kg-1, p.o.) for 6.5 weeks; and ET and(More)
This study was designed to investigate the role of graded doses of lipoic acid pretreatment against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. Male Wistar rats were divided into six groups and treated as follows: 1) vehicle (saline) control; 2) cisplatin (16 mg/kg, intraperitoneally); 3) lipoic acid (100 mg/kg, intraperitoneally); 4) cisplatin plus lipoic acid (25(More)
HYPOTHESIS The goals of this investigation were to compare the efficacy of three protective agents against cisplatin-induced elevation of auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds and to examine whether these protective agents prevent cisplatin-induced alterations of the antioxidant defense system in the cochlea of the rat. BACKGROUND Cisplatin is an(More)
Carboplatin is currently being used in the clinic against a variety of human cancers. However, high dose carboplatin chemotherapy resulted in ototoxicity in cancer patients. This is the first study to show carboplatin-induced oxidative stress response in the cochlea of rat. Male Wistar rats were divided into two groups of six animals each and treated as(More)