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Orthodontic force induces biochemical responses in the periodontal ligament (PDL), but the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent molecular mechanisms in orthodontically induced periodontal remodeling have remained unclear. Previous studies indicate that mechanical stress induces MMP-1 production in human PDL cells in vitro. We tested the hypothesis(More)
Nonsyndromic tooth agenesis is a genetically and phenotypically heterogenous condition. It is generally assumed that different phenotypic forms are caused by different mutated genes. We analyzed inheritance and phenotype of hypodontia and dental anomalies in 214 family members in three generations of 11 probands collected for genetic linkage study on(More)
The role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in response to mechanical forces in orthodontic tooth movement has only been partially clarified. In the present in vivo pilot study, the presence, levels, and degree of activation of MMP-1 and -8 were measured daily for 1 month in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients treated with orthodontic fixed(More)
The aim of the present observational study was to identify and characterize matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2, -8, -9, and -13 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients with short root anomaly (SRA). GCF samples collected from affected maxillary central incisors and premolars of five SRA patients and five systemically and periodontally healthy controls(More)
Short-root anomaly (SRA), occurring mostly in maxillary incisors, is defined as developmentally very short, blunt dental roots. The condition has a genetic background and is related to hypodontia. Earlier population studies have been based on schoolchildren with developing dentitions and have indicated prevalence figures between 1% and 10%. We studied a(More)
In the present study, we collected a family series with short root anomaly in order to analyze the inheritance pattern of the condition. Another aim was to identify in these families an association with other dental anomalies, such as tooth agenesis, peg-shaped lateral incisors, supernumeraries, ectopia, and such morphological characteristics as(More)
The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence and severity of apical root resorption in patients treated with different orthodontic appliances and to evaluate the effect of treatment duration on the degree of apical root resorption. A further aim was to analyse the degree of apical root resorption in different tooth groups in patients presenting(More)
CONCLUSIONS Metastatic disease should always be considered as a potential differential diagnosis in the adult patient with a cystic neck lesion. OBJECTIVES The most common cause of a cystic neck lesion in young adults is a branchial cleft cyst (BCC). In older patients metastatic lymph nodes may be easily misdiagnosed as BCC. This study aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to clarify the occurrence of delayed union after surgical treatment of mandibular fracture and investigate whether an association exists between perioperative use of dexamethasone and delayed union. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-seven patients were included in a prospective randomized study. Of these patients, 19 (51.4%) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether the rapid increase in the availability of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has changed the number of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injuries related to the removal of mandibular third molars in Finland. The hypothesis was that the number of nerve injuries should diminish due to better imaging methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)