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Antioxidants are one of the key players in tumorigenesis, several natural and synthetic antioxidants were shown to have anticancer effects. The aim of the present study is to divulge the chemopreventive nature of carvacrol during diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver cancer in male wistar albino rats. Administration of DEN to rats resulted in increased(More)
One of the focuses in current cancer chemoprevention studies is the search for nontoxic chemopreventive agents that inhibit the initiation of malignant transformation. Cancer biomarkers are quantifiable molecules involved in the physiologic or pathologic events occurring between exposure to carcinogens and the development, progression of cancer. Biomarkers(More)
Silymarin is a naturally available bioflavonoid and is a strong antioxidant with a capacity to inhibit the formation of tumors in several cancer models. In the present study, we investigated whether dietary supplementation of silymarin has any role in lipid components, lipid-metabolizing enzymes, free fatty acid profile, and expression of cyclooxygenase-2(More)
The modulatory efficacy of capsaicin on lung mitochondrial enzyme system with reference to mitochondrial lipid peroxidation (LPO), antioxidants, key citric acid cycle enzymes and respiratory chain enzymes during benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) induced lung cancer in Swiss albino mice was studied. Elevations in mitochondrial LPO along with decrements in enzymic(More)
Hesperidin is a naturally occurring flavonoid that has been reported to possess anticancer effects. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of hesperidin in modulating the expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), mast cells (MCs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) during benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) induced lung carcinogenesis in mice. B(a)P (50(More)
Chemoprevention has emerged as a very effective preventive measure against carcinogenesis. Several bioactive compounds present in fruits and vegetables have revealed their cancer curative potential on benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) induced carcinogenesis. In the present study, the efficacy of quercetin on the level of lipid peroxides, activities of antioxidant(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate mechanisms involved in the growth inhibitory effect of silymarin, in humanhepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 was utilized and the MTT assay was performed to study the antiproliferative effect of silymarin. Dual staining was undertaken for(More)
Lung cancer is currently a leading cause of death all over the world. Environmental risk factors, particularly genotoxic chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), are likely to account for a much higher mortality. Xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes are potentially chief determinants in both the susceptibility to the mutagenic effects of(More)
Chemoprevention is regarded as one of the most promising and realistic approaches in the prevention of cancer. Several bioactive compounds present in fruits and vegetables have revealed their cancer curative potential on lung cancer. Hesperidin is one such naturally occurring flavonoid widely found in citrus fruits. The aim of the present study is to(More)
The effect of a pungent ingredient of red pepper, capsaicin, on oxidative stress induced changes in the antioxidant defense system by benzo(a)pyrene in the lungs of mice was studied. Oral gavage administration of benzo(a)pyrene (50 mg/kg body weight) to mice led to a marked increase in oxidative stress indicated by alterations in pulmonary lipid(More)