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We created a whole-mount in situ hybridization (WISH) database, termed EMBRYS, containing expression data of 1520 transcription factors and cofactors expressed in E9.5, E10.5, and E11.5 mouse embryos--a highly dynamic stage of skeletal myogenesis. This approach implicated 43 genes in regulation of embryonic myogenesis, including a transcriptional repressor,(More)
UNLABELLED Down-regulation of the liver-specific MAT1A gene, encoding S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthesizing isozymes MATI/III, and up-regulation of widely expressed MAT2A, encoding MATII isozyme, known as MAT1A:MAT2A switch, occurs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we found Mat1A:Mat2A switch and low SAM levels, associated with CpG hypermethylation(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA), the most prevalent aging-related joint disease, is characterized by insufficient extracellular matrix synthesis and articular cartilage degradation, mediated by several proteinases, including Adamts-5. miR-140 is one of a very limited number of noncoding microRNAs (miRNAs) specifically expressed in cartilage; however, its role in(More)
GIDEON was a prospective, global, non-interventional study evaluating the safety of sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma in real-world practice. The aim of this subgroup analysis was to assess the safety and efficacy of sorafenib as used by Japanese patients. In Japan, 508 patients were valid for safety analysis. Efficacy and(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation is deeply involved in human cancers, but its inducers and targets are still mostly unclear. Helicobacter pylori infection was recently shown to induce aberrant methylation in gastric mucosae, and produce a predisposed field for cancerization. Here, we analyzed the presence of target genes in methylation induction by H. pylori and(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM Residual or locally recurrent lesions may occur after endoscopic therapy for epithelial colorectal tumors. Additional endoscopic mucosal resection is difficult for large lesions. Endoscopic submucosal dissection may be useful for such lesions, but may be more technically difficult for residual/locally recurrent lesions than for(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of lymph node metastasis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients is a critical factor for decision of treatment strategy. However, there have been no molecular markers to assess lymph node metastasis. In this study, we aimed to identify CpG islands (CGIs) whose DNA methylation statuses are associated with the presence(More)
We previously reported in rats that preconditioning with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO; 100% O(2) 3.5-atomsphere absolute (ATA), 1 h/day for 5 days) provided neuroprotection against transient (8 min) forebrain ischemia possibly through protein synthesis relevant to neurotrophin receptor and inflammatory-immune system. A recent report suggested that HBO-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was developed to resect early gastric cancer (EGC), which could not be resected by conventional endoscopic mucosal resection, and the indications for ESD are expanding to include more types of EGCs. Favorable long-term outcomes of ESD for EGCs that meet the expanded curability criteria have been reported.(More)
The establishment of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) has enabled the production of in vitro, patient-specific cell models of human disease. In vitro recreation of disease pathology from patient-derived hiPSCs depends on efficient differentiation protocols producing relevant adult cell types. However, myogenic differentiation of hiPSCs has(More)