Satoshi Yamamoto

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BACKGROUND Although many studies have found an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and the development of gastric cancer, many aspects of this relation remain uncertain. METHODS We prospectively studied 1526 Japanese patients who had duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers, gastric hyperplasia, or nonulcer dyspepsia at the time of enrollment; 1246(More)
We examined the relationship between spontaneous changes in regional cerebral blood flow and electrocortical (ECoG) activity in spinalized rats anesthetized with 1.5% isoflurane. Regional cerebral blood flow, measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry, and ECoG activity were measured bilaterally in frontal and parietal cortex. Spontaneous cerebrovascular waves(More)
We investigated the capacity of a clonal osteogenic cell line MC3T3-E1, established from newborn mouse calvaria and selected on the basis of high alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in the confluent state, to differentiate into osteoblasts and mineralize in vitro. The cells in the growing state showed a fibroblastic morphology and grew to form multiple(More)
Degenerate PCR primers, UP-1 and UP-2r, for the amplification of DNA gyrase subunit B genes (gyrB) were designed by using consensus amino acid sequences of gyrases from Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas putida, and Bacillus subtilis. In addition to the degenerate sequences, these primers have sequences at the 5' end which allow direct sequencing of amplified(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pseudomonas: was conducted by using the combined gyrB and rpoD nucleotide sequences of 31 validly described species of Pseudomonas: (a total of 125 strains). Pseudomonas: strains diverged into two major clusters designated intrageneric cluster I (IGC I) and intrageneric cluster II (IGC II). IGC I was further split into two(More)
Bacterial strains were isolated from sponge and green algae which were collected on the coast of Japan and Palau. The phylogenetic relationships of these isolates among marine species of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides complex were analysed by using their gyrB nucleotide sequences and translated peptide sequences (GyrB) in addition to 16S rDNA(More)
Primers to amplify the genes encoding the virulence factors of uropathogenic Escherichia coli, such as pilus associated with pyelonephritis (pap), haemolysin (hly), aerobactin (aer) and cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 (cnf1) genes, were designed. The above primers along with previously reported primers for S fimbriae (sfa) and afimbrial adhesin I (afaI)(More)
The topic of this review is fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), one of the best-characterized enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of bioactive lipids such as anandamide, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and oleamide. Herein, we discuss the nomenclature, the various assays that have been developed, the relative activity of the various substrates and the(More)
N-Arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) is cannabimimetic, and N-palmitoylethanolamine is anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive. We found an amidase that is more active with the latter than the former in contrast to the previously known anandamide amidohydrolase for which N-palmitoylethanolamine is a poor substrate. Proteins solubilized by freezing and(More)
Proinflammatory agents trypsin and mast cell tryptase cleave and activate PAR2, which is expressed on sensory nerves to cause neurogenic inflammation. Transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) is an excitatory ion channel on primary sensory nerves of pain pathway. Here, we show that a functional interaction of PAR2 and TRPA1 in dorsal root ganglion (DRG)(More)