Satoshi Yamagiwa

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An elusive goal in transplanting organs across histocompatibility barriers has been the induction of specific tolerance to avoid graft rejection. A considerable body of evidence exists that the thymus produces regulatory T cells that suppress the response of other T cells to antigenic stimulation. We report that TGF-beta can induce certain CD4+ T cells in(More)
Previously we reported that TGF-beta has an important role in the generation and expansion of human "professional" CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells in the periphery that have a cytokine-independent mechanism of action. In this study we used low-dose staphylococcal enterotoxin to induce T cell-dependent Ab production. We report that TGF-beta induces(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
AIM To investigate whether a noninvasive measurement of tissue strain has a potential usefulness for management of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS In total 26 patients, 23 NASHs and 3 normal controls were enrolled in this study. NASH was staged based on Brunt criterion. At a region of interest (ROI), a shear wave was evoked by implementing an(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The immune response to tumor-specific antigens is typically unable to control the growth and spread of malignant cells. Accumulating evidence indicates that the suppressive effects of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T-cells are at least partially responsible for the failure of immune-mediated elimination of tumor cells. METHODS We have studied 25(More)
A particular T cell population expressing NK cell markers, CD56 and CD57, exists in humans. Many CD56+ T and CD57+ T cells (i.e. NK T cells) exist in the liver and increase in number in the blood with ageing. They may be a human counterpart of extrathymic T cells, similar to NK1.1+ CD3int cells seen in mice. We investigate here the existence of such NK T(More)
AIM   Elevation of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels during pegylated-interferon (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C [CHC] is a problem that cannot be disregarded. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency and to characterize clinical parameters of this phenomenon. METHODS   Two hundred and thirty-five (235)(More)
Liver-intestine cadherin (LI-cadherin) is a recently identified member of the cadherin superfamily. We examined LI-cadherin expression in four human colorectal carcinoma cell lines and 45 human primary colorectal carcinomas using a monoclonal antibody against LI-cadherin. We also investigated the correlation between LI-cadherin expression and(More)
Sjögren's syndrome (SjS)-like sialoadenitis and exocrine pancreatitis were induced in mice infected with LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus, which induces a severe immunodeficiency termed murine AIDS (MAIDS). All mice with MAIDS showed advancing cellular infiltration around the pancreatic ducts as well as systemic exocrinopathy. The primary target tissue of the(More)
Mice received oral indomethacin (1 mg/mouse) daily for five days. It was found that severe gastroenteropathy (ie, paralytic stomach and necrotic intestine) was induced on the sixth day. Ulcer formation was also seen at many sites in the digestive tract, especially in the colon. In parallel with the increase in the number of leukocytes in the digestive(More)