Satoshi Wada

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The macroglomerular complex (MGC) is the first-order center for synaptic processing of olfactory information about the female sex pheromone in the male moth brain. We have investigated the MGC subdivisions of the male silkmoth Bombyx mori by use of three-dimensional reconstruction of the MGC from sequential series of confocal slice images. The B. mori MGC(More)
EAAT4 is a Purkinje cell (PC)-specific, postsynaptic glutamate transporter in the adult mouse brain. Here, we performed developmental analyses to reveal its temporal expression in relation to PC differentiation. Using in situ hybridization, EAAT4 mRNA was specifically detected in the PC layer of the cerebellar primordium at embryonic day 13 (E13). During(More)
Male silkmoths, Bombyx mori, exhibit a characteristic zigzagging behavior consisting of straight-line walking, zigzagging turns, and looping. The timing for shifting the turning direction is synchronized to the sideways head movements controlled by neck motor neurons (NMNs) including a cervical ventral NMN (cv1-NMN). It has been suggested that this(More)
The FDA recently approved an anti-CTLA-4 antibody (Iplimumab) for the treatment of metastatic melanoma. This decision was based on Phase III results, which demonstrate that blocking this immune checkpoint provides a survival advantage in patients with advanced disease. As a single agent, ipilimumab is also being clinically evaluated in advanced (metastatic,(More)
Development of regenerative therapies for damaged tendons remains a great challenge, largely because of lack of information regarding the mechanisms responsible for differentiation of tenocytes. Mouse tenocytes have not been fully characterized owing to the absence of efficient and reproducible methods for their in vitro expansion without losing phenotypic(More)
Streptococcus sanguinis, a member of the commensal mitis group of streptococci, is a primary colonizer of the tooth surface, and has been implicated in infectious complications including bacteremia and infective endocarditis. During disease progression, S. sanguinis may utilize various cell surface molecules to evade the host immune system to survive in(More)
Cell differentiation is controlled by specific transcription factors. The functions and expression levels of these transcription factors are regulated by epigenetic modifications, such as histone modifications and cytosine methylation of the genome. In tendon tissue, tendon-specific transcription factors have been shown to play functional roles in the(More)
Patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC) have a poor prognosis; postoperative survival depends on cancer progression and therapeutic resistance. The mechanism of EHCC progression needs to be clarified to identify ways to improve disease prognosis. Stathmin1 (STMN1) is a major cytosolic phosphoprotein that regulates microtubule dynamics and is(More)
Prior social experience often affects subsequent competitive interactions and their outcomes. Although the effects of prior contest experience have been widely examined, effects of mating experience remain less well examined. We examined, in males of the hermit crab Pagurus nigrofascia, whether males successively copulated with more than one female and(More)