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BACKGROUND Colonic pseudolipomatosis is rare and the pathogenesis is controversial. The purpose of the present paper was to clarify endoscopic and histological characteristics of colonic pseudolipomatosis and to discuss the etiology. METHODS A total of 15 lesions from 14 patients was reviewed. They were able to be histologically classified into two groups(More)
IL-17-secreting CD8 T cells (Tc17) have been described in several settings, but little is known regarding their functional characteristics. While Tc1 cells produced IFN-gamma and efficiently killed targets, Tc17 cells lacked lytic function in vitro. Interestingly, the small numbers of IFN-gamma-positive or IL-17/IFN-gamma-double-positive cells generated(More)
Angiogenesis is a critical mechanism for tumor progression. Multiple studies have suggested that tumor growth can be suppressed if tumor angiogenesis can be inhibited using various types of antiangiogenic agents. Recent studies in mouse systems have shown that tumor angiogenesis can also be inhibited if cellular immune response could be induced against(More)
To study the immune response to prostate cancer, we developed an autochthonous animal model based on the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) mouse in which spontaneously developing tumors express influenza hemagglutinin as a unique, tumor-associated antigen. Our prior studies in these animals showed immunologic tolerance to(More)
PURPOSE Antiangiogenic therapy is now considered to be one of promising approaches to treat various types of cancer. In this study, we examined the possibility of developing antiangiogenic cancer vaccine targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) overexpressed on endothelial cells of newly formed vessels in the tumor. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Relative upregulation of the Ikaros family transcription factor Helios in natural regulatory T cells (Tregs) has been reported by several groups. However, a role for Helios in regulatory T cells has not yet been described. Here, we show that Helios is upregulated in CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells. Chromatin-immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments indicated(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer immunotherapy refers to an array of strategies intended to treat progressive tumors by augmenting a patient's anti-tumor immune response. As immunotherapy is eventually incorporated into oncology treatment paradigms, it is important to understand how these therapies interact with established cancer treatments such as chemotherapy or(More)
The macroglomerular complex (MGC) is the first-order center for synaptic processing of olfactory information about the female sex pheromone in the male moth brain. We have investigated the MGC subdivisions of the male silkmoth Bombyx mori by use of three-dimensional reconstruction of the MGC from sequential series of confocal slice images. The B. mori MGC(More)
We have performed genome-wide exploration by using cDNA microarray profiling, and successfully identified a new tumor-associated antigen (TAA) that can induce potent cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) specific to tumor cells. In our preceding study, we identified multiple new genes by using gene expression profiling with a genome-wide cDNA microarray containing(More)
The FDA recently approved an anti-CTLA-4 antibody (Iplimumab) for the treatment of metastatic melanoma. This decision was based on Phase III results, which demonstrate that blocking this immune checkpoint provides a survival advantage in patients with advanced disease. As a single agent, ipilimumab is also being clinically evaluated in advanced (metastatic,(More)