Satoshi Umemura

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Blood pressure is a heritable trait influenced by several biological pathways and responsive to environmental stimuli. Over one billion people worldwide have hypertension (≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure or  ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure). Even small increments in blood pressure are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This(More)
APJ is a G-protein-coupled receptor with seven transmembrane domains, and its endogenous ligand, apelin, was identified recently. They are highly expressed in the cardiovascular system, suggesting that APJ is important in the regulation of blood pressure. To investigate the physiological functions of APJ, we have generated mice lacking the gene encoding(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to assess whether plasma adiponectin levels correlate with angiographic coronary lesion complexity in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Metabolic disorders, including diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome, are important risk factors for acute cardiovascular events, and adiponectin is a key molecule of(More)
The angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor has a crucial role in load-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Here we show that the AT1 receptor can be activated by mechanical stress through an angiotensin-II-independent mechanism. Without the involvement of angiotensin II, mechanical stress not only activates extracellular-signal-regulated kinases and increases(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that patterns of genetic variability in the human angiotensinogen gene (AGT) contribute to phenotypic variability in human hypertension. The A(-6) promoter variant of AGT is associated with higher plasma angiotensinogen levels and increased risk of essential hypertension. The geographic distribution of the A(-6) variant(More)
Hypertension is one of the most common complex genetic disorders. We have described previously 38 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with suggestive association with hypertension in Japanese individuals. In this study we extend our previous findings by analyzing a large sample of Japanese individuals (n=14 105) for the most associated SNPs. We also(More)
Variation in the angiotensinogen gene, AGT, has been associated with variation in plasma angiotensinogen levels. In addition, the T235M polymorphism in the AGT product is associated with an increased risk of essential hypertension in multiple populations, making AGT a good example of a quantitative-trait locus underlying susceptibility to a common disease.(More)
No previous reports on lymph-node metastasis (LNM) from superficial squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus have proposed definite criteria for additional treatment after endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). We investigated the association between histopathological factors and LNM in 464 consecutive patients with superficial squamous cell carcinoma of the(More)
Lymph node metastasis occurs in as many as 16% of patients with submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma. We investigated the association between histopathological factors and lymph node metastases in 322 consecutive patients with submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma who had undergone radical colectomy with lymph node dissection to detect patients at(More)
Adenylyl cyclase, a major target enzyme of beta-adrenergic receptor signals, is potently and directly inhibited by P-site inhibitors, classic inhibitors of this enzyme, when the enzyme catalytic activity is high. Unlike beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists, this is a non- or uncompetitive inhibition with respect to ATP. We have examined whether we can(More)