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Superior temporal sulcus (STS) activation has consistently been demonstrated in the normal brain when viewing eyes, and thus this area is implicated as a gaze processing region in humans. In a recent report, we have presented a case, M.J., with a well-circumscribed lesion to the right superior temporal gyrus (STG), who demonstrated impaired discrimination(More)
BACKGROUND Heavy alcohol intake induces both structural and functional changes in the central nervous system. Recent research developments converged on the idea that even in patients with alcohol dependence without apparent structural brain changes, some cognitive impairment exists, and associated functional change could be visualized by neuroimaging(More)
Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience have suggested that the integration of information about the internal bodily state and the external environment is crucial for the experience of emotion. Extensive overlap between the neural mechanisms underlying the subjective emotion and those involved in interoception (perception of that which is arising from(More)
Studies in psychiatry and cognitive neuroscience have reported an important relationship between individual interoceptive accuracy and anxiety level. This indicates that greater attention to one's bodily state may contribute to the development of intense negative emotions and anxiety disorders. We hypothesized that reactivity in the anterior insular cortex(More)
CT-guided localization followed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed in three children with pulmonary nodules less than 5 mm in diameter. The patients' respective primary diagnoses were Wilms tumor, hepatoblastoma, and osteosarcoma of the femur. The pulmonary nodules were marked preoperatively by a percutaneously placed hook-wire or dye(More)
We studied 23 patients with severe myeloradiculopathy involving multiple (more than three) levels of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the cervical spine, who were treated with laminoplasty to enlarge the spinal canal. The resected spinous processes were used as bone grafts to support the opened laminae. These patients were(More)
This review explores the proposal that vulnerability to psychological symptoms, particularly anxiety, originates in constitutional differences in the control of bodily state, exemplified by a set of conditions that include Joint Hypermobility, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome and Vasovagal Syncope. Research is revealing how brain-body mechanisms underlie(More)
The newly discovered deficit in a bilateral amygdala-damaged case, of not being able to allocate attention to the critical feature of a face (Adolphs R, Gosselin F, Buchanan TW, Tranel D, Schyns P, Damasio AR. 2005. A mechanism for impaired fear recognition after amygdala damage. Nature. 433:68--72.), has opened a new window into the function of the(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine reliable predictors of outcome of biliary atresia (BA) after Kasai's operation. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-four BA cases that underwent Kasai's operation at our institution over two decades were reviewed. The cases were divided into two groups: Group I: cases that required liver transplantation(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the impact of cow's milk allergy (CMA) on infants with Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS Twenty-four patients, who developed gastrointestinal symptoms before the age of 60 days and underwent surgery for HD in the period between January 2003 and December 2012, were enrolled in this study. They were divided into two groups based on(More)