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When we see a person's face, we can easily recognize their species, individual identity and emotional state. How does the brain represent such complex information? A substantial number of neurons in the macaque temporal cortex respond to faces. However, the neuronal mechanisms underlying the processing of complex information are not yet clear. Here we(More)
1. The aim of our study is to clarify the relationship between expression pattern of P2X receptors and the cell type of male adult rat (Wistar) dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. We identified the nociceptive cells of acutely dissociated DRG neurons from adult rats type using capsaicin sensitivity. 2. Two types of ATP-activated currents, one with fast, the(More)
The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene is a promising candidate for introducing the heritability of interindividual variation in personality and the genetic susceptibility for various psychiatric diseases. Transcription of the gene is modulated by a common polymorphism in its upstream regulatory region (5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region: 5-HTTLPR). The(More)
Extracellular ATP has been known to activate sensory neurons via the ATP-gated ion channels P2X receptors, indicating that the P2X receptors may play a role in signal transduction of pain from the periphery to the spinal cord in vivo. Here, we found a novel nociceptive response induced by ATP, mechanical allodynia (hypersensitivity to innocuous mechanical(More)
1. The aim of the present study is to characterize the role of the P2X receptor in spinal nociceptive processing in vivo. We investigated the mechanisms of the P2X receptor agonist alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha,betameATP)-induced modulation of acute nociceptive signalling in mouse spinal cord. 2. Intrathecal administration of alpha,betameATP produced a(More)
Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome (NNS) is a disorder that segregates in an autosomal recessive fashion. Symptoms include periodic fever, skin rash, partial lipomuscular atrophy, and joint contracture. Here, we report a mutation in the human proteasome subunit beta type 8 gene (PSMB8) that encodes the immunoproteasome subunit β5i in patients with NNS. This G201V(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for assessment of the culprit lesion morphology in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in comparison with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and coronary angioscopy (CAS). BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography is a new intravascular imaging method with a(More)
1. The aim of the present study is to characterize the role of spinal endogenous ATP and P2X receptors in the generation of neurogenic and inflammatory pain. We examined the effects of intrathecal treatment with P2X receptor antagonists on the formalin- and capsaicin-induced nociceptive behaviours in mice. 2. Intrathecal pretreatment with the general P2(More)
Meiotic cells undergo two successive divisions without an intervening S phase. However, the mechanism of S-phase omission between the two meiotic divisions is largely unknown. Here we show that Wee1, a universal mitotic inhibitor, is absent in immature (but not mature) Xenopus oocytes, being down-regulated specifically during oogenesis; this down-regulation(More)
We investigated the dopamine receptor (DAR) mRNA expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 45 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 21 age-matched controls using the quantitative reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction method. Beta-actin mRNA was used as an internal control to evaluate the relative expression level of the DAR mRNA.(More)