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This study aimed to characterize the β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) subtype mediating relaxation of isolated human bladder strips and to explore relaxation by the novel β3-AR-selective agonist KUC-7322 for its relaxant effect on the human isolated detrusor and for its effect on the carbachol (CCh)-induced contractile response. In two parallel studies, relaxation of(More)
We evaluated the pharmacological profile of ritobegron [KUC-7483; (-)-ethyl 2-[4-(2-{[(1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,5-dimethylphenyloxy]acetate monohydrochloride] and its effects on the bladder in cynomolgus monkeys by in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro, ritobegron decreased the resting tension of the isolated(More)
We performed in vitro and in vivo experiments to evaluate the pharmacological profile of ritobegron and its effects on the bladder in rats. β3-AR selectivity was assessed using CHO cells expressing various subtypes of the human β-adrenoceptor (AR). Effects on isolated organs were evaluated using the organ-bath method. Effects on intravesical pressure, heart(More)
The selectivity of silodosin (KMD-3213), an antagonist of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor (AR), to the subtypes (alpha(1A)-, alpha(1B)- and alpha(1D)-ARs) was examined by a receptor-binding study and a functional pharmacological study, and we compared its subtype-selectivity with those of other alpha(1)-AR antagonists. In the receptor-binding study, a replacement(More)
KMD-3213, an alpha(1a)-adrenoceptor (AR) antagonist, is under development for the treatment of urinary outlet obstruction in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy. In the present study, we developed a rat model to investigate simply the effects of alpha(1)-AR antagonists on the intraurethral pressure (IUP) response to phenylephrine. Using this model,(More)
AIMS Our main aim was to compare the prostatic selectivity of silodosin with that of other alpha(1)-adrenoceptor (AR) antagonists. METHODS We examined uroselectivities in two sets of experiments namely, in vitro and in vivo functional studies using male dogs. In the in vitro study, after evaluating the inhibitory effects of silodosin on noradrenaline(More)
We examined whether the effects (efficacy on the urethra and hypotension) of silodosin (alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonist) and tamsulosin (alpha(1A+1D)-adrenoceptor antagonist) in dogs with benign prostatic hyperplasia altered with age. We used young and old dogs, diagnosed as having benign prostatic hyperplasia by veterinarian's palpation. Under(More)
The effects of silodosin, an alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor (AR) antagonist, and of other alpha(1)-AR antagonists on the phenylephrine (PE)-induced increase in intraurethral pressure (IUP) and on blood pressure (BP) were studied in anesthetized rats. The drugs were administered intravenously (i.v. study) or intraduodenally (i.d. study). IUP and BP were measured via(More)
PURPOSE Alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists relax the obstructed prostatic urethra and suppress the irritative symptoms frequently observed in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. We investigated the effects of 3 alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists on urodynamics in rats with hormone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia to determine which(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the β3-adrenoceptor (AR) agonist ritobegron on rat bladder function following partial bladder outlet obstruction and on rat salivary secretion. In addition, the effects of ritobegron were compared with those of the anti-muscarinic agent tolterodine. After a 6-week partial bladder outlet(More)