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New melanin synthesis inhibitors, OH-3984 K1 and K2, were isolated from the fermentation broth of Streptomyces sp. OH-3984, and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and by chemical transformations. OH-3984 K1 (M.W.: 306; C18H26O4) and K2 (M.W.: 308; C18H28O4) have unique gamma-lactone rings, both of which correspond to oxidative(More)
Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Streptomyces are industrially important microorganisms, producing >70% of commercially important antibiotics. The production of these compounds is often regulated by low-molecular-weight bacterial hormones called autoregulators. Although 60% of Streptomyces strains may use γ-butyrolactone-type molecules as autoregulators(More)
The genome-sequenced, Gram-positive bacterium Streptomyces avermitilis harbours an orthologue (SAV_3032) of the previously identified epi-isozizaene synthase (SCO5222) in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). The sav3032 is translationally coupled with the downstream sav3031 gene encoding the cytochrome P450 CYP170A2 analogous to SCO5223 (CYP170A1) of S.(More)
In our continuing of a search for novel anti-cell adherence compoundsofmicrobial origin, we have reported fermentation, isolation and biological activities of macro-sphelides A and B from the culture broth of Micro-sphaeropsis sp. FO-5050 in a previous paper1'2). The absolute configuration of macrosphelides A and B were clarified by single crystal X-ray(More)
In the course of screening for non-steroidal growth inhibitors of testosterone-responsive Shionogi carcinoma 115 cells, louisianins A, B, C and D, were isolated from fermentation broth of Streptomyces sp. WK-4028. Louisianin A remarkably inhibited the growth of SC 115 cells in the presence of 10(-7) M testosterone at an IC50 value of 0.6 microgram/ml,(More)
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