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Three antifungal compounds, designated xanthobaccins A, B, and C, were isolated from the culture fluid of Stenotrophomonas sp. strain SB-K88, a rhizobacterium of sugar beet that suppresses damping-off disease. Production of xanthobaccin A in culture media was compared with the disease suppression activities of strain SB-K88 and less suppressive strains that(More)
Five gram-negative bacteria, all of which were Enterobacteriaceae, were isolated from the phyllosphere of green or senescing leaves of Rosa rugosa, and their phenotypic and physiological characteristics were examined. Partial 16S rDNA sequences led to identification of these isolates as Pantoea agglomerans, Klebsiella terrigena, Erwinia rhapontici, and two(More)
The 4-hydroxycinnamate decarboxylase (4-HCD)-inducing activity of several substrate analogs toward Klebsiella oxytoca was investigated. Four E-cinnamate-class compounds, E-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (1), caffeic acid (2), ferulic acid (3) and E-2,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid (4), all of which were accepted as substrates, all of which were accepted as substrates of(More)
An isoflavone 5-O-methyltransferase was partially purified from the roots of yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus) by fractional precipitation with ammonium sulfate, followed by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography using a fast-protein liquid chromatography system. This enzyme, which was purified 810-fold, catalyzed position-specific methylation of the(More)
Substantial levels of trehalose accumulate in bacteria, fungi, and invertebrates, where it serves as a storage carbohydrate or as a protectant against environmental stresses. In higher plants, trehalose is detected at fairly low levels; therefore, a regulatory or signaling function has been proposed for this molecule. In many organisms,(More)
(-)-beta-pinene, a flavor and fragrance monoterpene is an important constituent of essential oils of many aromatic plants. It was oxidized by a plant-pathogenic fungus, Botrytis cinerea to afford four metabolites characterized as (-)-6a-hydroxy-beta-pinene, (-)-4beta,5beta-dihydroxy-beta-pinene, (-)-2beta,3beta-dihydroxypinane, and(More)
A 7.1-kbp DNA fragment isolated from a wild strain of Klebsiella oxytoca was sequenced, leading to the identification of 10 open-reading frames (ORFs), including a 504-bp Pad gene. The Pad gene of the Gram-negative bacterium was subsequently expressed in Escherichia coli as a chimeric Pad. The deduced amino acid (AA) sequence of the Pad gene from wild-type(More)
We screened the microorganisms that are present on the surface of Picea glehnii seeds and produced antifungal compounds against Pythium vexans, a fungus that causes damping-off. Four isolates of Penicillium species that produced patulin, citrinin, palitantin, and arthrographol, respectively, were identified from 149 different microorganisms screened. This(More)
Numerous studies have been carried out on the application of skin impedance to biological measurement. Measurement is possible because a difference will result due to the objective factor of the impedance, and the reference impedance (which does contain the objective factor). Emphasis has been placed, in the past, on the relationship between the change in(More)
Two cytotoxic terpenes, alpha-santonin (1) and sclareol (3) were biotransformed by a plant pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea to produce oxidized metabolites in high yields. Alpha-Santonin (1) on fermentation with the fungus for ten days afforded a hydroxylated metabolite identified as 11beta-hydroxy-alpha-santonin (2) in a high yield (83%), while sclareol(More)