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Oxytocin (OT) is a nonapeptide hormone that is secreted into the brain and blood circulation. OT has not only classical neurohormonal roles in uterine contraction and milk ejection during the reproductive phase in females, but has also been shown to have new pivotal neuromodulatory roles in social recognition and interaction in both genders. A single(More)
We have found that milnacipran, a clinically useful antidepressant due to its inhibition of the re-uptake of serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline, is also a non-competitive NMDA-receptor antagonist. Based on the cyclopropane structure of milnacipran, conformationally restricted analogs were designed and synthesized. Of these analogs,(More)
Using the whole-cell mode of the patch-clamp technique, we recorded inward currents in response to inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and adenophostin analogues in turtle olfactory sensory neurons. Dialysis of IP3 into the neurons induced inward currents with an increase in membrane conductance in a dose-dependent manner under the voltage-clamp conditions(More)
We recently reported that circular RNA is efficiently translated by a rolling circle amplification (RCA) mechanism in a cell-free Escherichia coli translation system. Recent studies have shown that circular RNAs composed of exonic sequences are abundant in human cells. However, whether these circular RNAs can be translated into proteins within cells remains(More)
We synthesized analogs modified in the ribose unit (ribose linked to N1 of adenine) of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger. The biological activities of these analogs were determined in NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells that were pre-loaded with fura-2 acetoxymethylester and subjected to whole-cell patch-clamp.(More)
We recently demonstrated that (+/-)-(Z)-2-(aminomethyl)-1-phenyl-N,N-diethylcyclopropanecarboxamide [milnacipran, (+/-)-1], an inhibitor of the reuptake of serotonin (5-HT), was a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist. On the basis of the cyclopropane structure of (+/-)-1, conformationally restricted analogs with different stereochemistries, namely(More)
G protein-coupled receptor 4 (GPR4), previously proposed as the receptor for sphingosylphosphorylcholine, has recently been identified as the proton-sensing G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) coupling to multiple intracellular signaling pathways, including the Gs protein/cAMP and G13 protein/Rho. In the present study, we characterized some imidazopyridine(More)
Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR, 1, Scheme 1), originally isolated from sea urchins by Lee and co-workers, [1] is a general mediator of intracellular Ca 2+ ion signaling. [2] Analogues of cADPR have been extensively designed and synthesized [3, 4] because of their potential usefulness for investigating the mechanisms of cADPR-mediated Ca 2+ release and application(More)
Few inhibitors exist for CD38, a multifunctional enzyme catalyzing the formation and metabolism of the Ca(2+)-mobilizing second messenger cyclic adenosine 5'-diphosphoribose (cADPR). Synthetic, non-hydrolyzable ligands can facilitate structure-based inhibitor design. Molecular docking was used to reproduce the crystallographic binding mode of cyclic inosine(More)
(1S,2R)-1-Phenyl-2-[(S)-1-aminopropyl]-N,N-diethylcyclopropanecarboxamide (PPDC, ), which is a conformationally restricted analogue of the antidepressant milnacipran [(+/-)-1], represents a new class of potent NMDA receptor antagonists. A series of PPDC analogues modified at the carbamoyl moiety were synthesized. Among these,(More)