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AIMS Most of recurrent atrial tachyarrhythmias after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) are due to reconnection of PVs. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether elimination of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced dormant PV conduction by additional energy applications during the first ablation procedure could reduce the(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, elevation of circulating muscle-specific microRNA (miRNA) levels has been reported in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, it is still unclear from which part of the myocardium or under what conditions miRNAs are released into circulating blood. The purpose of this study was to identify the source of elevated levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Although coronary stents have been proved effective in reducing clinical cardiac events for up to 3 to 5 years, longer term clinical and angiographic outcomes have not yet been fully clarified. METHODS AND RESULTS To evaluate longer term (7 to 11 years) outcome, clinical and angiographic follow-up information was analyzed in 405 patients with(More)
The influence of preinfarction angina pectoris (AP) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains controversial. In 5,429 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) enrolled in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) has a significantly higher incidence among the male sex. Among genes coding ion channels and their modulatory proteins, KCNE5 (KCNE1L) is located in the X chromosome and encodes an auxiliary β-subunit for K channels. KCNE5 has been shown to modify the transient outward current (I(to)), which plays a key role in determining(More)
OBJECTIVES This study describes a novel heterozygous gain-of-function mutation in the cardiac sodium (Na+) channel gene, SCN5A, identified in a Japanese family with lone atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND SCN5A mutations have been associated with a variety of inherited arrhythmias, but the gain-of-function type modulation in SCN5A is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Late adverse events such as very late stent thrombosis (VLST) or late target-lesion revascularization (TLR) after first-generation sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) implantation have not been yet fully characterized at long term in comparison with those after bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS Among 13 058 consecutive(More)
AIMS Substantial portion of early arrhythmia recurrence after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is considered to be due to irritability in left atrium (LA) from the ablation procedure. We sought to evaluate whether 90-day use of antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) following AF ablation could reduce the incidence of early arrhythmia recurrence and thereby(More)
Beta-blocker therapy is recommended after ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) in current guidelines, although its efficacy in those patients who have undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been adequately evaluated. Of 12,824 consecutive patients who underwent sirolimus-eluting stent implantation in the(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation has not been yet fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the influence of prolonged thienopyridine therapy on clinical outcomes with landmark analysis at 4 and 13 months after DES implantation. Among 6802 patients with at least 1 DES(More)