Satoshi Shinya

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is already utilized in the important clinical diagnosis of brain ischemia and also for differentiating brain abscesses from metastatic brain tumors. Recent technical developments make DWI of the body feasible. Several studies have revealed the usefulness of DWI for the diagnosis of liver, ovary, parotid(More)
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is an established diagnostic method of acute stroke. The latest advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology have greatly expanded the utility of DWI in the examination of various organs. Recent studies have revealed the usefulness of DWI for imaging of the liver, kidney, ovary, and breast. We report a patient(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that evaluates the random motion of water molecules in biological tissues. The clinical utility of DWI has been established for acute stroke and brain tumors. Recent technical advancements in MRI have enabled DWI for the body and several studies have(More)
Five gallbladder cancer (GBC) cell lines were examined for morphological changes in collagen gel culture. GBh3 and HUCCT-1 cells formed tubules in response to treatment with epithelial growth factor (EGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and showed high levels of expression of E-cadherin (ECD), and low levels of SNAIL, vimentin, transforming growth(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to identify biomarkers for sepsis and organ damage in acute cholangitis patients. We investigated the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) as a biomarker of inflammation based on the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13). METHODS A total of 110 acute cholangitis patients were categorized based on TG13, and the PCT levels and common(More)
AIM To establish the role of oxidative stress and v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) activation in gastric cancer development, we examined the levels of phosphorylated AKT (pAKT), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nitrotyrosine (NT), and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 73(More)
The clinical utility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) was originally established for acute stroke; however, recent studies suggest that DWI may be more sensitive and specific for the detection and staging of malignant tumors than either computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography (US). We herein present 4 cases of pancreatic cancer(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The Japanese clinical guidelines for treating acute cholecystitis (AC), proposed in 2005, provide criteria not only for diagnosis, but also for management depending on the severity of the disease. The aim of this study was to assess how the Japanese guidelines for AC have impacted the clinical situation in Japan. METHODS A postal(More)
AKT is a protein in the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) pathway and associated with diverse pro-tumoral responses. Activation of the human telomere reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is one of AKT's tumorigenic effects. In this study, the significance of AKT phosphorylation and hTERT on prognosis of gastric cancer were examined. AKT activation by epidermal(More)
BACKGROUND We previously identified 25 intraoperative findings during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) as potential indicators of surgical difficulty per nominal group technique. This study aimed to build a consensus among expert LC surgeons on the impact of each item on surgical difficulty. METHODS Surgeons from Japan, Korea, and Taiwan (n = 554)(More)