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Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) can develop mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI), frequently progressing to dementia (PDD). Here, we aimed to elucidate the relationship between white matter alteration and cognitive status in PD and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) by using diffusion tensor imaging. We also compared the progression patterns of white and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) and basal ganglia dysfunction impair movement timing, which leads to gait instability and falls. Parkinsonian gait consists of random, disconnected stride times--rather than the 1/f structure observed in healthy gait--and this randomness of stride times (low fractal scaling) predicts falling. Walking with fixed-tempo Rhythmic(More)
Recently, we reported a profound depletion of cardiac sympathetic nerve fibers in Parkinson's disease (PD). This cardiac sympathetic denervation is a characteristic hallmark of PD. Cardiac sympathetic dysfunction was also observed in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydroxypyridine (MPTP)-treated mice, a model of PD. Although binding assay showed a decreased(More)
Duration-controlled amplified spontaneous emission with an intensity of 10(13) W/cm(2) is used to convert a 7.5-microm -thick polyimide foil into a near-critical plasma, in which the p -polarized, 45-fs , 10(19) -Wcm (2) laser pulse generates 3.8-MeV protons, emitted at some angle between the target normal and the laser propagation direction of 45 degrees .(More)
OBJECTIVES (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy is clinically used to estimate local myocardial sympathetic nerve damage in some forms of heart disease, autonomic nerve disturbance in diabetic neuropathy, and disturbance of the autonomic nervous system in neurodegenerative disease. In the present study, examinations were performed(More)
Involvement of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) is relatively common in some neurodegenerative proteinopathies of the brain and may be pathogenetically and diagnostically important. In Parkinson's disease, neuronal alpha-synuclein aggregates are distributed throughout the nervous system, including the central nervous system (CNS), sympathetic ganglia,(More)
Degeneration of the cardiac sympathetic nerve occurs in both Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies and begins early in the disease progression of PD, accounting for reduced cardiac uptake of meta-iodobenzylguanidine even in the early stages of Lewy body disease (LBD). We previously demonstrated that degeneration of the distal axons of the(More)
To investigate the nature of the inflammatory response in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), we analyzed mononuclear cells in muscle sections obtained from 18 FSHD patients and 8 controls. Monoclonal antibodies reactive for T cells, T cell subsets, B cells, and NK cells were used for cell typing. Macrophages were identified by acid phosphatase(More)
Decreased cardiac uptake of meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) on [(123)I] MIBG myocardial scintigraphy has been reported in the early stages of Parkinson's disease (PD), which suggests involvement of the cardiac sympathetic nerve in the early disease process of PD. For confirmation, we immunohistochemically examined cardiac tissue, sympathetic ganglia and(More)
OBJECTIVES Differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative parkinsonism by clinical consensus criteria and diagnostic imaging is often difficult. (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy is a useful imaging tool for differentiating PD from other parkinsonism. The purpose of the present study is to(More)