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We used microarrays carrying most of the genes that are developmentally regulated in Dictyostelium to discover those that are preferentially expressed in prestalk cells. Prestalk cells are localized at the front of slugs and play crucial roles in morphogenesis and slug migration. Using whole-mount in situ hybridization, we were able to verify 104 prestalk(More)
The cell cortex of Dictyostelium amebae contains an actin-rich cytoplasmic matrix. Changes in geometry of this matrix are believed to regulate protrusive activity and motility of the cell cortex. Two actin-binding proteins (120,000 and 95,000 daltons [120K and 95K]) are present in the cell cortex, and their properties, many of which are described here for(More)
Amoebae of Physarum polycephalum exhibit chemotactic responses to glucose and to cAMP. The chemotaxing amoebae exhibit alternating locomotive movements: relatively linear locomotion and movements that change the direction of the locomotion. Such locomotive activity is tightly coupled with the changes in the number and the positions of the pseudopods; cells(More)
In Volvox carteri adults, reproductive cells called gonidia are enclosed within a spherical monolayer of biflagellate somatic cells. Embryos must "invert" (turn inside out) to achieve this configuration, however, because at the end of cleavage the gonidia are on the outside and the flagellar ends of all somatic cells point inward. Generation of a bend(More)
Calcium-evoked secretion generally requires the presence of millimolar concentrations of Mg-ATP. We investigated the role of Mg-ATP in the secretion of serotonin from electropermeabilized bovine platelets. The secretion of serotonin was lost within 5 minutes when the Mg-ATP concentration was diluted to less than 0.1 mM, but was maintained when ATP-gamma S(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the Ca2+-regulated mechanism of motility in Physarum plasmodia, we improved the preparation method for myosin B and pure myosin. The obtained results are as follows: 1. We obtained two types of myosin B which are distinguishable from each other with respect to their sensitivity to Ca2+. The inactive type of myosin B had low(More)
We observed the fine structure of myosin filament bundles in 10 mM MgCl2 and studied the effects of light chain phosphorylation on it by electron microscopy. In the filament bundles of dephosphorylated myosin in the presence of ATP, we found a striation pattern of 13.4 nm periodicity running perpendicularly to the long axis of the filaments. However, we did(More)
Polarized epithelial cells develop and maintain distinct apical and basolateral surface domains despite a continuous flux of membranes between these domains. The Na(+)/H(+)exchanger NHE6 localizes to endosomes but its function is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that polarized hepatoma HepG2 cells express an NHE6.1 variant that localizes to recycling endosomes(More)
1. The actin-activated Mg2+-ATPase activity of gizzard HMM increased in proportion to the square of the extent of LC phosphorylation. This result indicates that the LCs of HMM are randomly phosphorylated, and the phosphorylation of both heads of HMM is required for the activation of HMM Mg2+-ATPase by F-actin. 2. In 75 mM KCl, the Mg2+-ATPase activity of(More)
Cytoplasmic streaming in the freshwater, coencytic green alga,Dichotomosiphon tuberosus, is regulated by light. Conspicuous changes are observed in the number of microtubules cross-linked together in bundles when the cytoplasmic streaming is modulated by light. In an attempt to identify the cross-linker, we stainedD. tuberosus cells with antibodies specific(More)