Satoshi Nunomura

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The b-chain of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FceRI) plays a crucial role for amplification of the intracellular signaling in mast cells upon FceRI cross-linking by IgEantigen complexes (IgEAg). Some monomeric IgE as well as IgEAg stimulate FceRI-signaling pathways, leading to cell activation, whereas the biological functions of the b-chain in the(More)
In the process of positive selection, immature CD4+8+ double positive (DP) thymocytes expressing TCR reactive to self-MHC by appropriate avidity develop into mature thymocytes. Positive selection involves not only down-regulation of either CD4 or CD8 but also acquisition of immunocompetent potential such as cell proliferation and cytokine production. To(More)
CD117 is a cytokine receptor expressed on the surface of hematopoietic stem cells with a likely role in cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. In order to study the differentiation activity of porcine CD117 hematopoietic cells in vitro and in vivo we prepared an anti-swine CD117 Mab (2A1) with high specificity for flow-cytometrical analysis. The(More)
The differentiation process from CD4-CD8- double-negative (DN) thymocytes to CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) stage is accompanied by vigorous proliferation. The resulting DP cells contain a sizable proportion of large cycling cells, but most DP cells are small resting cells. To explore the molecular mechanisms which regulate cell proliferation of DP(More)
Previous studies suggested that Protein L (PpL), the bacterial Ig-binding protein, activates mast cells. PpL presumably performs the activation by interacting with membrane-bound IgEκ, but the underlying mechanisms behind the process remain unclear. In the current study, we found that cell-surface FcεRI expression is a critical factor participant in(More)
BACKGROUND Myelitis is one of the rarest neurological complications of the varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection. Focal muscle weakness with or without sensory disturbance occurs in approximately 5% of the cases after acute VZV infection, with complete recovery in 50-70%. CASE PRESENTATION This report describes two rare cases of elderly patients with VZV(More)
Mast cells play a key role in allergic reaction and disorders through the high affinity receptor for IgE (Fc(ε)RI) which is primarily activated by IgE and antigen complex. In humans, mast cells express two types of Fc(ε)RI on the cell surface, tetrameric αβγ(2) and trimeric αγ(2), whereas in mice, the tetrameric αβγ(2) type is exclusively expressed. In(More)
BACKGROUND Periostin is a biomarker indicating the presence of type 2 inflammation and submucosal fibrosis; serum periostin levels have been associated with asthma severity. Macrolides have immunomodulatory effects and are considered a potential therapy for patients with severe asthma. Therefore, we investigated whether macrolides can also modulate(More)
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