Satoshi Nishiyama

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BACKGROUND Mikulicz's disease (MD) has been considered as one manifestation of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Recently, it has also been considered as an IgG(4)-related disorder. OBJECTIVE To determine the differences between IgG(4)-related disorders including MD and SS. METHODS A study was undertaken to investigate patients with MD and IgG(4)-related(More)
This study investigates the relation between the serological status of NMO (neuromyelitis optica)-IgG and the clinical and MRI features in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. Serum NMO-IgG was tested in 35 Japanese patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, including 19 with the optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis (OSMS), three with the spinal(More)
The K2K experiment observes indications of neutrino oscillation: a reduction of nu(mu) flux together with a distortion of the energy spectrum. Fifty-six beam neutrino events are observed in Super-Kamiokande (SK), 250 km from the neutrino production point, with an expectation of 80.1(+6.2)(-5.4). Twenty-nine one ring mu-like events are used to reconstruct(More)
The effects of dopamine release manipulated by drugs on the in vivo binding of [11C]raclopride in the striatum were evaluated in conscious monkeys combined with microdialysis. The in vivo binding of [11C]raclopride was evaluated by high resolution positron emission tomography (PET), and the dopamine concentrations in the striatal extracellular fluid (ECF)(More)
The expression of various melanogenic proteins, including tyrosinase, the tyrosinase-related proteins 1 (TRP1) and 2 (TRP2/DOPAchrome tautomerase), and the silver protein in human melanocytes was studied in six different human melanoma cell lines and compared to a mouse derived melanoma cell line. Analysis of the expression of tyrosinase, TRP1, TRP2, and(More)
The effects of ketamine, a noncompetitive antagonist of NMDA receptors, on the striatal dopaminergic system were evaluated multiparametrically in the monkey brain using high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) in combination with microdialysis. L-[beta-(11)C]DOPA, [(11)C]raclopride, and [(11)C]beta-CFT were used to evaluate dopamine synthesis(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of "binge" pattern cocaine administration on dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the rat brain. Male Sprague Dawley rats were injected three times at 1 hr intervals with saline or cocaine (15 mg/kg) each day for 2, 7, or 14 d. The in vivo binding of [11C]SCH23390 (dopamine D1 receptor antagonist) and(More)
The effects of the dopamine transporter (DAT) inhibitors cocaine and GBR12909 on DAT and dopamine D(2) receptors were evaluated in the brains under awake and isoflurane-anesthetized monkeys using high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) in combination with microdialysis. The striatal DAT availability and dopamine D(2) receptor binding were assayed(More)
BACKGROUND Although malnutrition indicates an unfavorable prognosis in some clinical settings, the association between nutritional indexes and outcomes for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS All the previously established objective nutritional indexes were evaluated. The controlling nutritional status score (CONUT),(More)
In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), recurrent abortion, thrombocytopenia, and cerebral infarction have been reported to have a close association with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, especially with anticardiolipin antibodies (ACL) [3, 7]. These phospholipid antibodies have been reported to crossreact with the sugar phosphate backbone of DNA,(More)