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The synchronized self-motion of two camphor boats on polygonal water chambers was investigated. The two boats synchronously moved depending on the number of corners in the polygon by changing the distance between the two boats through the corners. We regard the self-motion of a camphor boat as an oscillator; i.e., one cycle on the polygonal chamber(More)
The development of self-propelled motors that mimic biological motors is an important challenge for the transport of either themselves or some material in a small space, since biological systems exhibit high autonomy and various types of responses, such as taxis and swarming. In this perspective, we review non-living systems that behave like living matter.(More)
Quantitative information on the parameters associated with self-propelled objects would enhance the potential of this research field; for example, finding a realistic way to develop a functional self-propelled object and quantitative understanding of the mechanism of self-motion. We therefore estimated five main parameters, including the driving force, of a(More)
We investigate the collective motion of symmetric self-propelled objects that are driven by a difference in the surface tension. The objects move around an annular water channel spontaneously and interact through the camphor layer that develops on the water surface. We found that two collective motion modes, discrete and continuous density waves, are(More)
Self-motion of a camphor disk rotating inside a water chamber composed of two half-disks was investigated. The half-disks were joined along their diameter segments, and the distance between their midpoints (ds) was considered as the control parameter. Various types of camphor disk motions were observed depending on ds. When ds = 0, the chamber had a(More)
Mode selection and bifurcation of a synchronized motion involving two symmetric self-propelled objects in a periodic one-dimensional domain were investigated numerically and experimentally by using camphor disks placed on an annular water channel. Newton's equation of motion for each camphor disk, whose driving force was the difference in surface tension,(More)
Recent studies have shown that the behavior of calcium in the epidermis is closely related to the conditions of the skin, especially the differentiation of the epidermal keratinocytes and the permeability barrier function, and therefore a correct understanding of the calcium dynamics is important in explaining epidermal homeostasis. Here we report on(More)
The mode change of a simple autonomous motor depending on the nature of a monolayer on water is investigated. A camphor disk is floated on a molecular layer of N-stearoyl-p-nitroaniline (C(18)ANA), which gives a surface-pressure (π)-area per molecule (A) isotherm with a local maximum and a local minimum. The nature of the camphor motion changes depending on(More)
To investigate the nature of the phase wave between two connected oscillators, the photosensitive Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction was examined for two connected circular reaction fields, which were drawn by using computer software and then projected on a filter paper soaked with BZ solution by using a liquid-crystal projector. The difference in the time(More)
The synchronized motion of the water surfaces in contact with two fixed camphor disks was investigated. When the distance between the two camphor disks was greater than 8 mm, the shapes of the water surfaces at the bottoms of the disks oscillated independently. In contrast, synchronized oscillation was observed when the distance was shorter than 7 mm.(More)