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The synchronized self-motion of two camphor boats on polygonal water chambers was investigated. The two boats synchronously moved depending on the number of corners in the polygon by changing the distance between the two boats through the corners. We regard the self-motion of a camphor boat as an oscillator; i.e., one cycle on the polygonal chamber(More)
As a simple example of an autonomous motor, the self-motion of a camphor boat on water with changes in chemical stimuli was investigated. The nature of the self-motion of a camphor boat changed characteristically with the addition of ester vapor (methyl n-butyrate) to a circular water chamber. Thus, continuous motion changed to oscillatory motion, and its(More)
This study was conducted to monitor the electrochemical responses of two proteins (bovine serum albumin (BSA) and gelatin) and their thiol derivatives adsorbed onto gold (Au) electrodes, which were analyzed by a "nonlinear" impedance method. A sinusoidal voltage is applied to a protein-containing aqueous solution and the waveform of the output current is(More)
A change in the mode of self-motion was investigated for a camphor disk on water upon the addition of sulfate surfactants with alkyl chains of different lengths as a simple autonomous system. With an increase in the concentration of surfactant with a longer alkyl chain (number of hydrocarbons: 14 or 16), two mode changes (continuous --> intermittent(More)
We study the Arnold tongue of a nonlinear electrochemical oscillator entrained to an electrical periodic forcing. In our system, the width of the 1:3 entrainment region was broader than that of the 1:2 region. The 1:1 and 1:3 regions became monotonically broad when the conductance of the electrode cell was increased by the electrochemical redox reaction of(More)
The formation of effective root nodules on a non-nodulating line (T201) of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.,) was induced by a treatment with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D). The induced nodules, inoculated with mixed Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains A1017 and IRj2101, had a normal internal structure, red in colour and the cells being filled with(More)
From small angle X-ray diffraction for the stratum corneum of hairless mouse, it was obtained that in the normal stratum corneum, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd order diffraction peaks for the intercellular lipid lamellar structure appear at 13.8, 6.87 and 4.59 nm, respectively and also a broad hump for the 4th order reflection appears as observed by the previous(More)
Self-propelled objects can become potential biomimetic micromachines, but a versatile strategy is required to add the desired functions. Introducing a characteristic chemical reaction is a simple answer; however, the problem is how the chemical reaction is coupled to the self-propelled motion. We propose a strategy to select the chemical reaction so that(More)
The three-dimensional ultrastructure of the TMJ disk of two normal rhesus monkeys was investigated using the SEM. The upper and under surface of the TMJ disk consists of a close network of delicate collagen fibrils. On the undersurface, they have an undulating configuration, with the elevations running in one direction. On the upper surface, irregular and(More)
Spontaneous deformation of a tetradecane droplet with palmitic acid on an aqueous phase with stearyltrimethylammonium chloride is reported. Palmitic acid is transported from the oil droplet to the aqueous phase by the concentration difference between the organic and the aqueous phases. The transport of palmitic acid causes the oil droplet interface to(More)