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We investigated the copy number of the gene for alternative oxidase (AOX) of Arabidopsis thaliana by amplification by PCR and Southern hybridization. These studies indicated that there are at least four copies of the AOX gene in Arabidopsis. We isolated genomic clones containing individual copies (designated as AOX1a, AOX1b, AOX1c and AOX2) of the AOX(More)
Boron (B) is essential for plant growth but is toxic when present in excess. In the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana under B limitation, a boric acid channel, NIP5;1, and a boric acid/borate exporter, BOR1, are required for efficient B uptake and subsequent translocation into the xylem, respectively. However, under high-B conditions, BOR1 activity is repressed(More)
The cum1 and cum2 mutations of Arabidopsis thaliana inhibit cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) multiplication. In cum1 and cum2 protoplasts, CMV RNA and the coat protein accumulated to wild-type levels, but the accumulation of the 3a protein of CMV, which is necessary for cell-to-cell movement of the virus, was strongly reduced compared with that in wild-type(More)
Cystathionine gamma-synthase, the first committed enzyme of methionine biosynthesis in higher plants, is encoded by the CGS1 gene in Arabidopsis thaliana. We have shown previously that the stability of the CGS1 mRNA is negatively regulated in response to methionine application [Chiba, Y., Ishikawa, M., Kijima, F., Tyson, R. H., Kim, J., Yamamoto, A.,(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the FUSCA3 (FUS3) gene of Arabidopsis result in alterations in cotyledon identity, inability to complete late seed maturation processes, and the premature activation of apical and root embryonic meristems, which indicates that this transcription factor is an essential regulator of embryogenesis. Although FUS3 shows a complex(More)
Extracts of vacuole-depleted, tomato mosaic virus (ToMV)-infected plant protoplasts contained an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) that utilized an endogenous template to synthesize ToMV-related positive-strand RNAs in a pattern similar to that observed in vivo. Despite the fact that only minor fractions of the ToMV 130- and 180-kDa replication proteins(More)
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-Cg is a crucifer-infecting tobamovirus that was isolated from field-grown garlic. We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of TMV-Cg. The genomic RNA of TMV-Cg consists of 6303 nucleotides and encodes four large open reading frames, organized basically in the same way as that of other tobamoviruses. The(More)
The composition of seed storage proteins is regulated by sulfur and nitrogen supplies. Under conditions of a low sulfur-to-nitrogen ratio, accumulation of the β-subunit of β-conglycinin, a sulfur-poor seed storage protein of soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.), is elevated, whereas that of glycinin, a sulfur-rich storage protein, is reduced. Using transgenic(More)
Expression of the Arabidopsis CGS1 gene that codes for cystathionine gamma-synthase is feedback regulated at the step of mRNA stability in response to S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet). A short stretch of amino acid sequence, called the MTO1 region, encoded by the first exon of CGS1 itself is involved in this regulation. Here, we demonstrate, using a(More)
The tom2-1 mutation of Arabidopsis thaliana reduces the efficiency of intracellular multiplication of tobamoviruses. The tom2-1 mutant was derived from fast-neutron-irradiated seeds, and the original mutant line also carries ttm1, a dominant modifier that increases tobamovirus multiplication efficiency in a tobamovirus-strain-specific manner in the tom2-1(More)