Satoshi Naganawa

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BACKGROUND The net charge of the hypervariable V3 loop on the HIV-1 envelope gp120 outer domain plays a key role in modulating viral phenotype. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the modulation remain poorly understood. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS By combining computational and experimental approaches, we examined how V3 net charge could(More)
HIV infection is a major problem in Indonesia. The number of people living with HIV has been increasing from year to year, especially among injecting drug users (IDUs). Since there were only limited data about molecular epidemiology profiles of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia, a cross-sectional study involving 208 HIV-1-seropositive individuals was conducted in 2007(More)
The third variable region (V3) of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope gp120 subunit participates in determination of viral infection coreceptor tropism and host humoral immune responses. Positive charge of the V3 plays a key role in determining viral coreceptor tropism. Here, we examined by bioinformatics, experimental, and protein(More)
OBJECTIVE A humanized neutralizing antibody, KD-247, targets the V3 loop of HIV-1 Env. HIV-1 bearing the GPGR sequence at the V3 loop is potentially susceptible to KD-247. However, not all GPGR-positive HIV-1 isolates are neutralized by KD-247. We examined the potential mechanism by which the susceptibility of HIV-1 to KD-247-mediated neutralization is(More)
It has been reported that subtypes A throughout H of HIV-1 are circulating in the former Soviet Union. In this sequence note, we analyzed the genetic prevalence of HIV-1 among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Ukraine. The subjects studied included two individuals from Kiev and six individuals from Simferopol', the latter located in the Crimean Peninsula. We(More)
Even in the 21st Century, approximately 60,0000 women die of pregnancy-related causes each year. WHO reported that 98% of these deaths occur in developing countries; the largest gap between rich and poor nations was evident in the maternal mortality levels. In developed countries, massive hemorrhage and thrombo-embolism are the most frequent causes of(More)
For the several decade years, organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been intensively studied because of their potential applicability to large-size flat panel displays, and more recently also solid-state lighting [1-4]. However, the lifetimes of the organic electronic devices are one of the most matters for the practical use of such devices, because of(More)
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