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Data Set Used
Molecules labelled with the unnatural isotope fluorine-18 are used for positron emission tomography. Currently, this molecular imaging technology is not exploited at its full potential because many (18)F-labelled probes are inaccessible or notoriously difficult to produce. Typical challenges associated with (18)F radiochemistry are the short half-life of… (More)
Treatment of readily available α,α-difluoro- and α-fluoroarylacetic acids with Selectfluor under Ag(I) catalysis led to decarboxylative fluorination. This operationally simple reaction gave access to tri- and difluoromethylarenes applying a late-stage fluorination strategy. Translation to [(18)F]labeling is demonstrated using [(18)F]Selectfluor… (More)
Genomes contain various types of repetitive sequences. They may be used as probes for seeking genome rearrangements because they are rather free from the natural selection if they are located in the intergenic regions. In this study, we searched for tandem repeats (TRs) in 44 prokaryotic genomes by the color-coding method and sought the signs of genome… (More)
A new catalytic method to access allylic secondary CF3 products is described. These reactions use the visible light excited Ru(bpy)3Cl2·6H2O catalyst and the Togni or Umemoto reagent as the CF3 source. The photoredox catalytic manifold delivers enantioenriched allylic trifluoromethylated products not accessible under Cu(I) catalysis.
We explored the possibilities of whole-genome duplication (WGD) in prokaryotic species, where we performed statistical analyses of the configurations of the central angles between homologous tandem repeats (TRs) on the circular chromosomes. At first, we detected TRs on their chromosomes and identified equivalent tandem repeat pairs (ETRPs); here, an ETRP is… (More)
A visible-light-mediated hydrotrifluoromethylation of unactivated alkenes that uses the Umemoto reagent as the CF(3) source and MeOH as the reductant is disclosed. This effective transformation operates at room temperature in the presence of 5 mol % Ru(bpy)(3)Cl(2); the process is characterized by its operational simplicity and functional group tolerance.
A method for designing and training neural networks using genetic algorithms is proposed, with the aim of getting the optimal structure of the network and the optimized parameter set simultaneously. For this purpose, a fitness function depending on both the output errors and sim-pleness in the structure of the network is introduced. The validity of this… (More)
This paper demonstrates that the probability of the occurrence of uphill moves in temperature parallel simulated annealing is so small that the effects of parallelization might be lost when the number of processing nodes is small. A modification in the probability of solution exchange between the processes is one tactic to recover the parallelization… (More)