Satoshi Mashiko

Learn More
Glucose ingestion stimulates the secretion of the incretin hormones, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Despite the critical role of incretins in glucose homeostasis, the mechanism of glucose-induced incretin secretion has not been established. We investigated the underlying mechanism of glucose-induced(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent feeding stimulant. The orexigenic effect of NPY might be caused in part by the action of Y1 receptors. However, the existence of multiple NPY receptors including a possible novel feeding receptor has made it difficult to determine the relative importance of the Y1 receptor in feeding regulation. Herein we certified that the(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic orexigenic peptide expressed in the lateral hypothalamus, which plays an important role in regulating energy balance. To elucidate the physiological role of MCH in obesity development, the present study examined the effect of a selective MCH1 receptor (MCH1R) antagonist in the diet-induced obesity mouse model.(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) increases food intake through the action of hypothalamic NPY receptors. At least six subtypes of NPY, peptide YY (PYY), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) receptors have been identified in mice. Although the involvement of Y1 and Y5 receptors in feeding regulation has been suggested, the relative importance of each of these NPY receptors(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is thought to have a major role in the physiological control of energy homeostasis. Among five NPY receptors described, the NPY Y5 receptor (Y5R) is a prime candidate to mediate some of the effects of NPY on energy homeostasis, although its role in physiologically relevant rodent obesity models remains poorly defined. We examined the(More)
Obesity is currently considered as an epidemic in the western world, and it represents a major risk factor for life-threatening diseases such as heart attack, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Taking advantage of DNA microarray technology, we tried to identify the molecules explaining the relationship between obesity and vascular disorders, comparing mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been demonstrated to have critical roles in the physiological control of appetite and energy homeostasis through NPY Y1, Y2, Y4 and Y5 receptors. A number of synthetic ligands for NPY receptor subtypes have been developed to date, with Y5 receptor antagonists and Y2 and Y4 receptor agonists advancing into clinical trials.(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic amino acid neuropeptide localized in the lateral hypothalamus. Although MCH is thought to be an important regulator of feeding behavior, the involvement of this peptide in body weight control has been unclear. To examine the role of MCH in the development of obesity, we assessed the effect of chronic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic orexigenic neuropeptide predominantly expressed in the lateral hypothalamus. We investigated the roles of MCH1 receptor signalling in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced obesity in female C57BL/6J mice, an animal model of postmenopausal obesity. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The effects of blocking(More)
Neuropeptide Y plays a key role in the physiological control of energy homeostasis. Five neuropeptide Y receptor subtypes have been cloned, and multiple neuropeptide Y receptor subtypes are thought to mediate neuropeptide Y activity. However, interactions among neuropeptide Y receptor subtypes have not been elucidated to date. Herein, we examined the(More)