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The refractive index of air-hydrate crystals found in a deep Antarctic ice sheet was measured for the first time, as far as we know, using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A small difference between the refractive indices of the air-hydrate crystals and the matrix ice crystal was measured by the fringe-shift method. It was found that the refractive indices of(More)
We investigated habitat use and diversity of waterbirds at one of the coastal and satellite lagoons around Lake Biwa, which is a registered wetland of the Ramsar Convention in Japan. To evaluate the importance for waterbirds of a lagoon around the freshwater lake, we conducted 26 censuses over 1 year on seven blocks with different landscape elements in a(More)
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