Satoshi Kurihara

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BACKGROUND In chronic renal failure patients, the parathyroid glands progress from diffuse hyperplasia to nodular hyperplasia, and it is important to distinguish between these as the latter form is more aggressive. This progress can be confirmed histologically, but the present study aimed to determine whether the different types of hyperplasia could be(More)
Genetic studies of families with familial Alzheimer's disease have implicated presenilin 2 (PS2) in the pathogenesis of this disease. PS2 is ubiquitously expressed in various tissues including hearts. In this study, we examined cardiac phenotypes of PS2 knockout (PS2KO) mice to elucidate a role of PS2 in hearts. PS2KO mice developed normally with no(More)
Protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent phosphorylation of troponin (Tn)I represents a major physiological mechanism during beta-adrenergic stimulation in myocardium for the reduction of myofibrillar Ca2+ sensitivity via weakening of the interaction with TnC. By taking advantage of thin filament reconstitution, we directly investigated whether or not PKA-dependent(More)
The fate of the contracted kidney in long-term hemodialysis patients was examined. Total kidney volume was measured by computer assisted tomography in 96 chronically hemodialyzed patients with chronic renal failure due to chronic glomerulonephritis. The presence of cysts and/or tumor in the renal parenchyma was evaluated. Kidney volume decreased(More)
alpha1-Adrenoceptor stimulation (alpha1ARS) modulates cardiac muscle contraction under physiological conditions by means of changes in Ca2+ current through L-type channels (ICa,L) and Ca2+ sensitivity of the myofilaments. However, the cellular mechanisms of alpha1ARS are not fully clarified. In this study, we investigated the role of(More)
Sarcolipin (SLN) inhibits the cardiac sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA2a) by direct binding and is superinhibitory if it binds through phospholamban (PLN). To determine whether overexpression of SLN in the heart might impair cardiac function, transgenic (TG) mice were generated with cardiac-specific overexpression of NF-SLN (SLN tagged at(More)
Persistent muscle weakness due to disuse-associated skeletal muscle atrophy limits the quality of life for patients with various diseases and individuals who are confined to bed. Fibers from disused muscle exhibit a marked reduction in active force production, which can exacerbate motor function, coupled with the well-known loss of muscle quantity. Despite(More)
The striated muscle sarcomere contains the third filament comprising the giant elastic protein titin, in addition to thick and thin filaments. Titin is the primary source of nonactomyosin-based passive force in both skeletal and cardiac muscles, within the physiological sarcomere length range. Titin's force repositions the thick filaments in the center of(More)
The molecular status of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has not been as well studied in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) as in lung cancer. We examined the frequencies of EGFR mutations as well as the expression/phosphorylation status of the EGFR protein in HNSCC patients. Moreover, we tried to elucidate associations between EGFR(More)
To date, 11 loss of function mutations in the human urate transporter 1 (hURAT1) gene have been identified in subjects with idiopathic renal hypouricemia. In the present studies we investigated the clinical features and the mutations in the hURAT1 gene in seven families with presecretory reabsorption defect-type renal hypouricemia and in one family with the(More)