Satoshi Kokura

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Acute, short-term hyperglycemia is becoming recognized as an important risk factor for several diseases. In the present study, using human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs), we investigated whether short-term high glucose exposure, either on the scale of hours, could enhance the monocyte adhesion and migration to the subendothelium via increasing expression(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that inflammatory cell infiltration can be detected in patients with endoscopically negative gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as those with erosive reflux esophagitis. In this study, we examined the expression of mRNA for interleukin (IL)-8, a potent chemokine for neutrophils, in the esophageal mucosa of(More)
AIM In this study, we examined the efficacy of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) on obesity-induced insulin resistance in diabetic mice. METHODS Male db/db mice were treated with WBH 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The rectal temperature of mice reached 38.0 degrees C 5 min after heating, and was kept at 38.0 degrees C for 30 min. At the end of each week, tail(More)
The clinical efficacy of gastroprotective drugs or low-dose H(2) receptor antagonists in the prevention of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastropathy is limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate efficacy of rebamipide and famotidine in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-negative healthy volunteers taking NSAID. This study(More)
It has been reported that polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and several cytokine genes are associated with an increased risk of developing gastric cancer (GC). However, the results of studies from different geographic regions, ethnic groups and study groups are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of H. pylori(More)
AIM To investigate the protective effect of rosuvastatin on ischemia-reperfusion (I-R)-induced small intestinal injury and inflammation in rats, and to determine the effect of this agent on the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein. METHODS Intestinal damage was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by clamping both the superior(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine secreted by various cells, and is involved in the acute phase response and the immune response through T and B cell activation. To further define the role of IL-6 in intestinal inflammation, we studied the effects of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) administration in mice with targeted deletions of the IL-6(More)
To protect the small intestine from mucosal injury induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is one of the critical issues in the field of gastroenterology. Polaprezinc (PZ), a gastric muco-protecting agent, has been widely used for the treatment of gastric ulcer and gastritis for its unique effects, such as its strong reactive oxygen species(More)
Objective: Over-expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) can accelerate tissue destruction and disrupt subsequent tissue repair. A dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) colitis model was established to examine the effects of MMP inhibition, by an orally active MMP inhibitor ONO-4847, on colonic inflammation. Materials and methods: Acute colitis was induced in(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were to 1) determine the time-course of T-lymphocyte adhesion to monolayers of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) that were exposed to 60 min of anoxia followed by 24 h of reoxygenation, and 2) define the mechanisms responsible for the hyperadhesivity of postanoxic HUVEC to human T-lymphocytes. METHODS(More)