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To determine the relative contribution of obesity and visceral white adipose tissue (WAT) to metabolic syndrome, we developed a model that is susceptible to high-fat diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance using male KK/Ta mice. The ratio of WAT weight to body weight was greater in the high-fat diet group compared with the control group in 10-, 14-, and(More)
AIM In this study, we examined the efficacy of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) on obesity-induced insulin resistance in diabetic mice. METHODS Male db/db mice were treated with WBH 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The rectal temperature of mice reached 38.0 degrees C 5 min after heating, and was kept at 38.0 degrees C for 30 min. At the end of each week, tail(More)
The clinical efficacy of gastroprotective drugs or low-dose H(2) receptor antagonists in the prevention of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastropathy is limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate efficacy of rebamipide and famotidine in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-negative healthy volunteers taking NSAID. This study(More)
Previous studies have implicated a role for intracellular thiols in the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and transcriptional regulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules. This study was designed to determine whether changes in endothelial cell glutathione (GSH) or oxidized glutathione (GSSG) can alter neutrophil adhesivity and to define the(More)
The overall objective of this study was to determine whether T lymphocytes can modulate the increased neutrophil adherence and upregulation of endothelial cell adhesion molecules in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R). HUVEC monolayers were exposed to 60 minutes of anoxia, followed by 4 hours of(More)
Bofutsushosan (BOF), an oriental herbal medicine, has been used as an anti-obesity drug in overweight patients. In the present study, to evaluate the anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects of BOF, we investigated the effects of BOF on the white adipose tissue (WAT) weight, the size of adipocytes, adiponectin expression, and oral glucose tolerance test(More)
The role of active oxygen species and lipid peroxidation in the antitu-iiuir effect of hyperthermia was studied in an experimental rabbit model. VX2 tumors were transplanted Into rabbit hind legs, and the effect of hyperthermia on tumor growth was measured at 7 and 14 days after heating. As an index of lipid peroxidation, thiobarbituric acid-reactive(More)
We have reported that rebamipide, a gastroprotective drug, suppresses indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal injury in humans and rats. However, the mechanisms of the cytoprotective actions of rebamipide have not been fully addressed. In the present study, we determined mRNA expression profile of the gastric mucosa treated with indomethacin in rats, and(More)
Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of Goshajinkigan for oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in colorectal cancer patients. Patients. Colorectal cancer patients (N = 29) who received ≥4 weeks of Goshajinkigan for oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy during chemotherapy at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine were (Goshajinkigan group)(More)
NK cells can destroy tumor cells without prior sensitization or immunization. Tumors often lose expression of MHC molecules and/or antigens. However, NK cells can lyse tumor cells in a non-MHC-restricted manner and independent of the expression of tumor-associated antigens. NK cells are therefore considered ideal for adoptive cancer immunotherapy; however(More)