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BACKGROUND To protect the small intestine from mucosal injury induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is one of the critical issues in the field of gastroenterology. Polaprezinc (PZ), a gastric muco-protecting agent, has been widely used for the treatment of gastric ulcer and gastritis for its unique effects, such as its strong reactive oxygen(More)
To determine the relative contribution of obesity and visceral white adipose tissue (WAT) to metabolic syndrome, we developed a model that is susceptible to high-fat diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance using male KK/Ta mice. The ratio of WAT weight to body weight was greater in the high-fat diet group compared with the control group in 10-, 14-, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Several epidemiological studies have shown that regular exercise can prevent the onset of colon cancer, although the underlying mechanism is unclear. Myokines are secreted skeletal muscle proteins responsible for some exercise-induced health benefits including metabolic improvement and anti-inflammatory effects in organs. The purpose of this study(More)
AIM In this study, we examined the efficacy of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) on obesity-induced insulin resistance in diabetic mice. METHODS Male db/db mice were treated with WBH 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The rectal temperature of mice reached 38.0 degrees C 5 min after heating, and was kept at 38.0 degrees C for 30 min. At the end of each week, tail(More)
Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of Goshajinkigan for oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in colorectal cancer patients. Patients. Colorectal cancer patients (N = 29) who received ≥4 weeks of Goshajinkigan for oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy during chemotherapy at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine were (Goshajinkigan group)(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that inflammatory cell infiltration can be detected in patients with endoscopically negative gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as those with erosive reflux esophagitis. In this study, we examined the expression of mRNA for interleukin (IL)-8, a potent chemokine for neutrophils, in the esophageal mucosa of(More)
The migration of circulating monocytes into the subendothelial space occurs through the expressing of some adhesion molecules on endothelial cells. In the present study, using human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs), we investigated whether a model compound for oxysterols, 25-hydroxycholesterol, can enhance the monocyte adherence to HAECs exposed to(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is reportedly activated by anti-cancer chemotherapeutic compounds in many cancer cell lines and NF-kappaB activation is one mechanism by which tumors become resistant to apoptosis. Antioxidants have been reported to serve as potent NF-kB inhibitors. In this study, we investigated the ability of edaravone to enhance(More)
The clinical efficacy of gastroprotective drugs or low-dose H(2) receptor antagonists in the prevention of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastropathy is limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate efficacy of rebamipide and famotidine in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-negative healthy volunteers taking NSAID. This study(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS MicroRNA (miRNA) are endogenous, approximately 22-nucleotide non-coding RNA that suppress gene expression at post-transcriptional levels by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of specific mRNA targets through base-pairing. It has been recently reported that miRNA have critical functions in key biological processes such as cell(More)