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Euglena gracilis was found to contain a peroxidase that specifically require L-ascorbic acid as the natural electron donor in the cytosol. The presence of an oxidation-reduction system metabolizing L-ascorbic acid was demonstrated in Euglena cells. Oxidation of L-ascorbic acid by the peroxidase, and the absence of ascorbic acid oxidase activity, suggests(More)
Glycolate was excreted from the 5% CO(2)-grown cells of Euglena gracilis Z when placed in an atmosphere of 100% O(2) under illumination at 20,000 lux. The amount of excreted glycolate reached 30% of the dry weight of the cells during incubation for 12 hours. The content of paramylon, the reserve polysaccharide of E. gracilis, was decreased during the(More)
In the assay of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) in vitro, the concentration of CO2, the substrate of the enzyme, has been calculated from the amount of sodium bicarbonate added to the assay mixture with a dissociation constant of carbonic acid in pure water, 6.35 to 6.37. However, Rubisco is generally assayed at ionic strength of(More)
The purified glutathione reductase was homogeneous on polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. It had an Mr of 79,000 and consisted of two subunits with a Mr of 40,000. The activity was maximum at pH 8.2 and 52 degrees C. It was specific for NADPH but not for NADH as the electron donor; the reverse reaction was not observed. The Km values for NADPH and GSSG were(More)
A malonyl-CoA-independent fatty acid synthetic system, different from the systems in other subcellular fractions, occurred in mitochondria of Euglena gracilis. The system had ability to synthesize fatty acids directly from acetyl-CoA as both primer and C2 donor using NADH as an electron donor. Fatty acids were synthesized by reversal of beta-oxidation with(More)
Human rotavirus isolates, KUN , MO, and Wa strains were found to agglutinate erythrocytes of the day-old chicken and adult goose, optimally at pH 6.6. Only those fractions containing double-shelled rotavirus particles isolated by isopycnic centrifugation in cesium chloride had hemagglutinating activity. Trypsin treatment decreased the hemagglutination titer(More)
The mechanism for decarboxylating the carboxyl carbon of glycolate was studied in Euglena gracilis Z, which liberates more than 70% of the carboxyl carbon as CO(2) during glycolate metabolism.In the isolated mitochondria of E. gracilis, glycolate was oxidized to glyoxylate, 25% of which was aminated to glycine, with the remaining unchanged in the presence(More)