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Serotonin (5-HT) syndrome is a potentially fatal condition associated with various combinations of serotonergic drugs. The present study was undertaken to demonstrate that nervous systems other than the 5-HT system also participate in the pathophysiology of 5-HT syndrome. Concentrations of 5-HT, dopamine (DA) and glutamate in the hypothalamus were measured(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review (phase 1) and prospective clinical study (phase 2). OBJECTIVES To identify independent risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) and to evaluate the positive effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) to decrease the risk of SSI in patients with spinal metastasis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Surgery for spinal metastasis(More)
PURPOSE To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT), contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CE-US), superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (SPIO-MRI), and gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI (Gd-EOB-MRI) in the evaluation of colorectal hepatic metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS In all, 111 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Metastasectomy of spinal lesions from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a promising strategy. However, its clinical outcome after spinal metastasectomy is unknown owing to the difficulty of curative surgical resection. This is the first study to examine the survival rates of patients who underwent metastasectomy of solitary spinal(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Surgical site infection (SSI) associated with instruments remains a serious and common complication in patients who undergo total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). It is very important that the risk factors for SSI are known to prevent it. PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to identify independent risk factors for SSI after TES and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the degree of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after combined cataract surgery and vitrectomy and after cataract surgery alone in age-matched control patients and in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). SETTING Sugita Eye Hospital, Nagoya, Japan. METHOD In a prospective study, patients were divided into 2 groups:(More)
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a dietary phytochemical with low toxicity that exhibits growth-suppressive activity against a variety of cancer cells and possesses certain chemopreventive properties. Curcumin has already been the subject of several clinical trials for use as a treatment in human cancers. Synthetic chemical modifications of curcumin have(More)
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a widely used recreational drug. Despite an increase in the number of fatalities related to its use, no definite therapeutic method has been established thus far. In the present study, risperidone's ability to attenuate MDMA-induced hyperthermia and its mechanism of action were investigated in rats. The(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) syndrome is a potentially fatal condition associated with various combinations of serotonergic drugs. Hyperthermia is the most serious symptom of this syndrome. Hyperthermia in 5-HT syndrome is reportedly the result of activation of 5-HT(2A) receptors. Mirtazapine is a novel antidepressant and a potent 5-HT(2) receptor antagonistic.(More)
PURPOSE To report the influence of rapid glycemic control on lens opacity in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS In a prospective study, nine patients with adult onset diabetes mellitus and glycosylated hemoglobin values over 9% were divided into two groups, rapid glycemic control and slow glycemic control groups, based on the time course of(More)