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Serotonin (5-HT) syndrome is a potentially fatal condition associated with various combinations of serotonergic drugs. The present study was undertaken to demonstrate that nervous systems other than the 5-HT system also participate in the pathophysiology of 5-HT syndrome. Concentrations of 5-HT, dopamine (DA) and glutamate in the hypothalamus were measured(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review (phase 1) and prospective clinical study (phase 2). OBJECTIVES To identify independent risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) and to evaluate the positive effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) to decrease the risk of SSI in patients with spinal metastasis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Surgery for spinal metastasis(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Surgical site infection (SSI) associated with instruments remains a serious and common complication in patients who undergo total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). It is very important that the risk factors for SSI are known to prevent it. PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to identify independent risk factors for SSI after TES and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT), contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CE-US), superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (SPIO-MRI), and gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI (Gd-EOB-MRI) in the evaluation of colorectal hepatic metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS In all, 111 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Metastasectomy of spinal lesions from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a promising strategy. However, its clinical outcome after spinal metastasectomy is unknown owing to the difficulty of curative surgical resection. This is the first study to examine the survival rates of patients who underwent metastasectomy of solitary spinal(More)
PURPOSE To compare the degree of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after combined cataract surgery and vitrectomy and after cataract surgery alone in age-matched control patients and in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). SETTING Sugita Eye Hospital, Nagoya, Japan. METHOD In a prospective study, patients were divided into 2 groups:(More)
PURPOSE To report the influence of rapid glycemic control on lens opacity in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS In a prospective study, nine patients with adult onset diabetes mellitus and glycosylated hemoglobin values over 9% were divided into two groups, rapid glycemic control and slow glycemic control groups, based on the time course of(More)
OBJECT The prognosis in patients with a distant spinal metastasis from the lung is dismal. The role of radical surgery in such cases has been questioned because of the excessive morbidity, blood loss, and operative time as well as the tumor's extreme malignancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical results and the prognosis associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Aggressive vertebral hemangiomas causing spinal compression are rare, and there is controversy with regard to treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of patients with aggressive vertebral hemangiomas at a mean follow-up of more than 10 years after total excision and discuss the treatment options for the tumors.(More)
Galanin-like peptide (GALP), a 29-amino-acid neuropeptide, is located in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC), binds to galanin receptor subtype 2, and induces food intake upon intracerebroventricular (icv) injection in rats. However, neural mechanisms underlying its orexigenic action remain unclear. We aimed to identify the nuclei and neuron species that(More)