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Serotonin (5-HT) syndrome is a potentially fatal condition associated with various combinations of serotonergic drugs. The present study was undertaken to demonstrate that nervous systems other than the 5-HT system also participate in the pathophysiology of 5-HT syndrome. Concentrations of 5-HT, dopamine (DA) and glutamate in the hypothalamus were measured(More)
The insular cortex is located in the centre of the cerebral hemisphere, having connections with the primary and secondary somatosensory areas, anterior cingulate cortex, amygdaloid body, prefrontal cortex, superior temporal gyrus, temporal pole, orbitofrontal cortex, frontal and parietal opercula, primary and association auditory cortices, visual(More)
We recorded human orbitofrontal electrocorticogram during wakefulness and sleep in epileptic patients using subdural electrodes. During wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, we observed beta activity in the raw orbitofrontal signals. Power spectral analysis demonstrated beta enhancement during wakefulness and REM sleep when compared to slow wave(More)
The Japanese herbal medicine, yokukansan, has been reported to improve behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and activities of daily living in patients with dementia. In the present case report, the authors report the effectiveness of yokukansan in treating psychiatric symptoms after traumatic brain injury. An 85-year-old man, who underwent(More)
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a widely used recreational drug. Despite an increase in the number of fatalities related to its use, no definite therapeutic method has been established thus far. In the present study, risperidone's ability to attenuate MDMA-induced hyperthermia and its mechanism of action were investigated in rats. The(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) syndrome is a potentially fatal condition associated with various combinations of serotonergic drugs. Hyperthermia is the most serious symptom of this syndrome. Hyperthermia in 5-HT syndrome is reportedly the result of activation of 5-HT(2A) receptors. Mirtazapine is a novel antidepressant and a potent 5-HT(2) receptor antagonistic.(More)
BACKGROUND Although the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders abandoned the use of the specifier 'late-onset', a considerable number of studies have reported clinical characteristics of late-onset schizophrenia. Still, only limited research has been conducted on late-onset schizophrenia, especially in Asian countries.(More)
Recently, as the worldwide population grows older, it is thought that various assistive systems have soared. It is necessary to discuss functions of humans, spatial perception, decision-making, and determining direction, for developing assistive systems. The final goal of our research is to contribute to developing of welfare robots with functions that are(More)