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We recorded human orbitofrontal electrocorticogram during wakefulness and sleep in epileptic patients using subdural electrodes. During wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, we observed beta activity in the raw orbitofrontal signals. Power spectral analysis demonstrated beta enhancement during wakefulness and REM sleep when compared to slow wave(More)
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a widely used recreational drug. Despite an increase in the number of fatalities related to its use, no definite therapeutic method has been established thus far. In the present study, risperidone's ability to attenuate MDMA-induced hyperthermia and its mechanism of action were investigated in rats. The(More)
The relationship between minimum reinforcing doses and injection speed was investigated by using 2 levels of speeds in experiments on self-administration of cocaine or pentobarbital in 2 crab-eating monkeys each. The experiments were conducted under a fixed ratio (FR) 1 schedule with 30-min time-out after each drug injection, wherein the drugs and saline(More)
Recently, as the worldwide population grows older, it is thought that various assistive systems have soared. It is necessary to discuss functions of humans, spatial perception, decision-making, and determining direction, for developing assistive systems. The final goal of our research is to contribute to developing of welfare robots with functions that are(More)
Very little research has been conducted on taste imagery because of the difficulty of doing so. We conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging study to observe cerebral activation patterns produced in volunteers concentrating on pickled plums (umeboshi), a traditional Japanese food with a strong and sour taste. Activation was observed in the right(More)
Galanin-like peptide (GALP), a 29-amino-acid neuropeptide, is located in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC), binds to galanin receptor subtype 2, and induces food intake upon intracerebroventricular (icv) injection in rats. However, neural mechanisms underlying its orexigenic action remain unclear. We aimed to identify the nuclei and neuron species that(More)
Galanin-like peptide (GALP) is produced in neurones in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and is implicated in the neural control of feeding behaviour. Previously, we have reported that GALP immunoreactive fibres were in direct contact with orexin/hypocretin immunoreactive neurones in the rat lateral hypothalamus using double-immunofluorescence. Centrally(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) syndrome is a potentially life-threatening neurotoxic condition provoked by pharmacologically induced excess serotonergic activity. Several studies report that nitric oxide (NO) and glutamate play a role in psychostimulant-induced hyperthermia related to neurotoxicity. In the present study, the involvement of NO and(More)